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Table 1 Characteristics of the included participants collected using face-to-face interview

From: The burden and predisposing factors of non-communicable diseases in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences personnel: a prospective 15-year organizational cohort study protocol and baseline assessment

Variable Total (n = 5287) Male (n = 2427) Female (n = 2860) P-valuea
Demographic
Age (year) 43.9 ± 7.6 45.2 ± 8.1 42.8 ± 7.0 < 0.001
Ethnicity
 Fars 4486 (84.8%) 2060 (84.9%) 2426 (84.8%) 0.881
 Turk 241 (4.6%) 114 (4.7%) 127 (4.4%)
 Kurd 194 (3.7%) 91 (3.7%) 103 (3.6%)
 Others 366 (6.9%) 162 (6.7%) 204 (7.1%)
Socioeconomic
Education Level
 Illiterate 7 (0.1%) 4 (0.2%) 3 (0.1%) < 0.001
 Elementary 88 (1.7%) 49 (2%) 39 (1.4%)
 Diploma 734 (13.9%) 434 (17.9%) 300 (10.5%)
 Short-cycle tertiary education 483 (9.1%) 206 (8.5%) 277 (9.7%)
 Bachelor 2339 (44.2%) 802 (33%) 1537 (53.7%)
 Master 883 (16.7%) 403 (16.6%) 480 (16.8%)
 PhD or higher 753 (14.2%) 529 (21.8%) 224 (7.8%)
Marital Status
 Single 447 (8.5%) 60 (2.5%) 387 (13.5%) < 0.001
 Married 4584 (86.7%) 2340 (96.4%) 2244 (78.5%)
 Widowed 70 (1.3%) 6 (0.2%) 64 (2.2%)
 Divorced 175 (3.3%) 19 (0.8%) 156 (5.5%)
 Other 11 (0.2%) 2 (0.1%) 9 (0.3%)
Job Category
 Nurses and midwives 976 (18.5%) 198 (8.2%) 778 (27.2%) < 0.001
 Administrative and office personnel 825 (15.6%) 371 (15.3%) 454 (15.9%)
 Faculty Staff 505 (9.6%) 387 (15.9%) 118 (4.1%)
 Non-nursing health care assistants 468 (8.9%) 172 (7.1%) 296 (10.3%)
 Technicians and assistants in health 276 (5.2%) 100 (4.1%) 176 (6.2%)
 Biomedical and Medical Specialists 163 (3.1%) 78 (3.2%) 85 (3%)
 Other 2074 (39.2%) 1121 (46.2%) 953 (33.3%)
House Ownership
 Private 4094 (77.4%) 1899 (78.3%) 2195 (76.8%) 0.322
 Rented 1001 (18.9%) 445 (18.3%) 556 (19.4%)
 Organizational 21 (0.4%) 12 (0.5%) 9 (0.3%)
 Borrowed 171 (3.2%) 71 (2.9%) 100 (3.5%)
Life Style
Physical Activity
 Aerobic Exercise (min) 13 ± 22.4 16 ± 25.6 11 ± 18.9 < 0.001
 Heavy Exercise (min) 1 ± 7.8 2 ± 10.5 0.6 ± 4.3 < 0.001
 Desk Work (min) 73 ± 90.3 87 ± 98.1 62 ± 81.3 < 0.001
 Computer Work (min) 182 ± 142.8 180 ± 146 184 ± 140 0.275
 TV Watching (min) 88 ± 60.5 95 ± 59.6 81 ± 60.5 < 0.001
 Mobile Use (min per day) 71.2 ± 76.8 67.9 ± 75.3 74 ± 77.9 0.004
Sleep Assessment
 Night Sleep Duration (min) 382 ± 64.9 382 ± 64.3 383 ± 65.3 0.704
 Has Daytime Sleep 3660 (69.2%) 1607 (66.2%) 2053 (71.8%) < 0.001
 Has Night Working Shift 1724 (32.6%) 903 (37.2%) 821 (28.7%) < 0.001
Clinical History
 Diabetes Mellitus 258 (4.9%) 158 (6.5%) 100 (3.5%) < 0.001
 Hypertension 463 (8.8%) 250 (10.3%) 213 (7.4%) < 0.001
 Ischemic Heart Diseases 175 (3.3%) 92 (3.8%) 83 (2.9%) 0.076
 Myocardial Infarction 32 (0.6%) 28 (1.2%) 4 (0.1%) < 0.001
 Stroke 19 (0.4%) 15 (0.6%) 4 (0.1%) 0.005
 Rheumatism 109 (2.1%) 32 (1.3%) 77 (2.7%) < 0.001
 Epilepsy 15 (0.3%) 8 (0.3%) 7 (0.2%) 0.611
 Multiple Sclerosis 15 (0.3%) 3 (0.1%) 12 (0.4%) 0.066
 Colorectal Cancer 4 (0.1%) 4 (0.2%) 0 (0%) 0.044
 Osteoporosis 226 (4.3%) 31 (1.3%) 195 (6.8%) < 0.001
 Fatty Liver 814 (15.4%) 467 (19.2%) 347 (12.1%) < 0.001
 Renal Failure 15 (0.3%) 6 (0.2%) 9 (0.3%) 0.797
 Thyroid Disorders 594 (11.2%) 104 (4.3%) 490 (17.1%) < 0.001
 Alopecia 2784 (52.7%) 1645 (67.8%) 1139 (39.8%) < 0.001
Substance Abuse
 Smoking
 Current Smoker 253 (4.8%) 235 (9.7%) 18 (0.6%) 0.122
 Ex-Smoker 404 (7.6%) 381 (15.7%) 23 (0.8%) < 0.001
 Hookah 507 (9.6%) 365 (15%) 142 (5%) < 0.001
 Alcohol 112 (2.1%) 94 (3.9%) 18 (0.6%) < 0.001
 Drug Abuse 59 (1.1%) 55 (2.3%) 4 (0.1%) < 0.001
Gynecology
 Menstruation Age (year) NA NA 13.4 ± 3.8 NA
 Menopause NA NA 411 (14.4%) NA
 Pregnancy Number NA NA 2.2 ± 1.5 NA
 Has Death Birth Child NA NA 91 (3.2%) NA
 Ovary Removal NA NA 57 (2%) NA
 Hysterectomy NA NA 94 (3.3%) NA
 Infertility NA NA 164 (5.7%) NA
 Breast Cancer NA NA 19 (0.7%) NA
 Ovarian Cancer NA NA 1 (0.03%) NA
Food Frequency (kcal)
 Bread and cereals 876 ± 695 1051 ± 847 728 ± 486 < 0.001
 Meat and Related Products 272 ± 194 306 ± 173 243 ± 205 < 0.001
 Milk and Dairy 409 ± 250 417 ± 240 402 ± 259 0.033
 Vegetables 266 ± 156 247 ± 148 281 ± 160 < 0.001
 Oil, oilseeds, and butter 466 ± 299 470 ± 298 462 ± 300 0.376
 Sugars 111 ± 172 138 ± 131 87 ± 197 < 0.001
 Total Calorie Intake 3079 ± 1252 3364 ± 1392 2837 ± 1061 < 0.001
 Water (glass per day) 2.9 ± 2.5 2.9 ± 2.4 2.9 ± 2.6 0.655
  1. Notes: Values are presented as mean ± SD or N (%)
  2. aAnalysis by independent-samples T test, Fisher’s exact test (2-sided), or Chi-square test
  3. Abbreviations: DASS-21 Distress, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, HSS-35 Hospital Stress Scale