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Table 5 TB attitudes of respondents stratified by area of residence

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey

Variable Rural residence (N = 2558) Urban Residence (N = 1751) Difference in proportions Total (N = 4309) p-value
N (%) N (%) % (95% CI) N (%)
*Do you think you can get TB? 1370 (53.6) 1103 (63.0) - 9.4 (−12.4, −  6.5) 2473 (57.4) < 0.001
*How would you feel if you were found to have TB?
 Fear 1549 (60.6) 868 (49.6) 11.0 (8.0, 14.0) 2417 (56.1) < 0.001
 Surprise 1700 (66.5) 1015 (58.0) 8.5 (5.5, 11.4) 2715 (63.0) < 0.001
 Shame 851 (33.3) 440 (25.1) 8.1 (5.4, 10.9) 1291 (30.0) < 0.001
 Embarrassment 842 (32.9) 441 (25.2) 7.7 (5.0, 10.5) 1283 (29.8) < 0.001
 Sadness 1651 (64.5) 1017 (58.1) 6.5 (3.5, 9.4) 2668 (61.9) < 0.001
 Hopelessness 649 (25.4) 384 (21.9) 3.4 (0.9, 6.0) 1033 (24.0) 0.009
 Happiness 1903 (74.4) 1383 (79.0) - 4.6 (− 7.1, −  2.0) 3286 (76.3) 0.001
*Who would you talk to about your illness if you had TB?
 Health workers 2440 (95.4) 1667 (95.2) 0.2 (−1.1, 1.5) 4107 (95.3) 0.779
 Spouse 2343 (91.6) 1562 (89.2) 2.4 (0.6, 4.2) 3905 (90.6) 0.008
 Parents 2329 (91.0) 1572 (89.8) 1.3 (−  0.5, 3.1) 3901 (90.5) 0.162
 Children 2234 (87.3) 1465 (83.7) 3.7 (1.5, 5.8) 3699 (85.8) 0.001
 Landlord/Household head 2230 (87.2) 1426 (81.4) 5.7 (3.5, 8.0) 3656 (84.9) < 0.001
 Close friend 2032 (79.4) 1368 (78.1) 1.3 (−1.2, 3.8) 3400 (78.9) 0.300
How do you feel about people with TB?
 I try to help 1233 (48.2) 948 (54.1) - 5.9 (− 9.0, − 2.9) 2181 (50.6) < 0.001
 I stay away from them 1186 (46.4) 710 (40.6) 5.8 (2.8, 8.8) 1896 (44.0) < 0.001
 Treat them like I treat other people 139 (5.4) 93 (5.3) 0.1 (− 1.2, 1.5) 232 (5.4) 0.861
Overall attitude
 Unfavourable 2040 (79.7) 1280 (73.1) 6.6 (4.1, 9.2) 3320 (77.0) < 0.001
 favourable 518 (20.3) 471 (26.9) - 6.6 (− 9.2, − 4.1) 989 (23.0) < 0.001
  1. *Only the “Yes” responses tabulated