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Table 4 Factors associated with good knowledge among the respondents

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey

Variable (n = 4309) Unadjusted Adjusted for all the variables
OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Sex
 Female+ 1.00    1.00   
 Male 1.33 1.15–1.53 < 0.001 1.04 0.86–1.26 0.687
Age group
 15 – 34 yrs.+ 1.00    1.00   
 35 – 64 yrs 1.42 1.21–1.65 < 0.001 1.40 1.15–1.69 0.001
  ≥ 65 yrs 1.04 0.76–1.43 0.806 1.19 0.83–1.71 0.337
Marital status
 Single+ 1.00    1.00   
 married 1.38 1.19–1.60 0.001 1.54 1.27–1.88 < 0.001
 Once married* 0.97 0.68–1.37 0.858 1.31 0.86–1.98 0.210
Educational status
 illiterate+ 1.00    1.00   
 Read English/Arabic 1.25 1.02–1.51 0.027 1.35 1.08–1.67 0.007
 Primary/Incomplete Sec. school 1.46 1.20–1.76 < 0.001 1.97 1.57–2.46 < 0.001
 Secondary school & above 2.70 2.14–3.41 < 0.001 3.67 2.79–4.84 < 0.001
Employment status
 unemployed+ 1.00    1.00   
 Employed 1.59 1.37–1.84 < 0.001 1.42 1.19–1.70 < 0.001
Residence
 Rural+ 1.00    1.00   
 Urban 1.21 0.76–1.91 0.421 0.95 0.53–1.71 0.874
Attitude towards TB
 Unfavorable+ 1.00    1.00   
 Favourable 2.66 2.21–3.20 < 0.001 2.30 1.90–2.78 < 0.001
Practice towards TB
 Poor+ 1.00    1.00   
 Good 2.38 1.87–3.03 < 0.001 2.03 1.58–2.60 < 0.001
  1. +This is the reference category
  2. *This comprises of widow(er) and separated/divorced