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Table 3 Source participants first heard about TB based on residence, gender and age grouping

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey

Variable N (%) N (%) % (95% CI) N (%) P value
Residence Rural (N = 2199) Urban (N = 1418) Difference in proportions Total (N = 3617)  
 Family, friends and neighbours 864 (39.3) 560 (39.5) - 0.2 (− 3.5, 3.1) 1424 (39.4) 0.22
 Radio 917 (41.7) 460 (32.4) 9.3 (6.1, 12.5) 1377 (38.0) < 0.001
 TV 159 (7.2) 260 (18.3) −11.1 (− 13.4, −  8.8) 419 (11.6) < 0.001
 *Others 259 (11.8) 138 (9.7) 2.1 (− 0.0, 4.1) 397 (11.0) 0.06
Gender Female (N = 2168) Male (N = 1449) Difference in proportions Total (N = 3617)  
 Family, friends and neighbours 823 (38.0) 601 (41.5) - 3.5 (− 6.8, −  0.3) 1424 (39.4) 0.03
 Radio 831 (38.3) 546 (37.7) 0.6 (− 2.6, 3.9) 1377 (38.0) 0.69
 TV 261 (12.0) 158 (10.9) 1.1 (−1.0, 3.2) 419 (11.6) 0.30
 *Others 253 (11.7) 144 (9.9) 1.8 (− 0.3, 3.8) 397 (11.0) 0.10
Age grouping 15–34 years (N = 2237) ≥35 years (N = 1380) Difference in proportions Total (N = 3617)  
 Family, friends and neighbours 874 (39.1) 550 (39.9) - 0.8 (− 4.1, 2.5) 1424 (39.4) 0.64
 Radio 808 (36.1) 569 (41.2) - 5.1 (− 8.4, −1.8) 1377 (38.0) 0.002
 TV 299 (13.4) 120 (8.7) 4.7 (2.6, 6.7) 419 (11.6) < 0.001
 *Others 256 (11.4) 141 (10.2) 1.2 (− 0.8, 3.3) 397 (11.0) 0.25
  1. *This include teachers, health workers, print media, religious leaders