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Table 2 TB knowledge of the respondents stratified by area of residence

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey

Variable Rural residence (N = 2558) Urban residence (N = 1751) Difference in proportions Total (N = 4309)  
  N (%) N (%) % (95% CI) N (%) P value
*Have you heard about TB? 2199 (86.0) 1418 (81.0) 5 (2.7, 7.3) 3617 (83.9) < 0.001
*How serious the respondent regarded TB
 Life threatening 2059 (80.5) 1386 (79.2) 1.3 (−1.1, 3.8) 3445 (80.0) 0.281
 Not very serious/threatening 224 (8.8) 209 (12.0) - 3.1 (−5.1, −1.3) 433 (10.0) 0.001
 Don’t know 275 (10.8) 156 (8.9) 1.8 (0.1, 3.6) 431 (10.0) 0.048
*Common TB symptoms and signs
 Cough that lasts for 2–3 weeks 1840 (71.9) 1303 (74.4) - 2.5 (− 5.2, 0.2) 3143 (72.9) 0.072
 Bloody sputum 1597 (62.4) 1142 (65.2) - 2.8 (−5.7, 0.1) 2739 (63.6) 0.062
 Weight loss 1686 (65.9) 1197 (68.4) - 2.5 (−5.3, 0.4) 2883 (67.0) 0.093
 Fever 1541 (60.2) 1021 (58.3) 1.9 (−1.1, 4.9) 2562 (59.5) 0.204
 Chest pain 1674 (65.4) 1169 (66.8) −1.3 (−4.2, 1.6) 2843 (66.0) 0.369
 Shortness of breath 1571 (61.4) 1085 (62.0) - 0.6 (−3.5, 2.4) 2656 (61.6) 0.716
*Mode of TB transmission
 Through air when a person with TB cough or sneezes 1864 (72.9) 1357 (77.5) - 4.6 (−7.2, −2.0) 3221 (74.8) 0.001
 By living with a TB patient 1149 (44.9) 834 (47.6) - 2.7 (−5.7, 0.3) 1983 (46.0) 0.079
 By sharing dishes, plates, cups and spoons 1830 (71.5) 1256 (71.7) - 0.2 (−2.9, 2.5) 3086 (71.6) 0.892
 Through smoking cigarettes or drinking alcohol 1472 (57.5) 972 (55.5) 2.0 (−0.1, 0.05) 2444 (56.7) 0.186
*Mode of prevention
 Covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing 1795 (70.2) 1300 (74.2) - 4.0 (−6.8, −1.4) 3095 (71.8) 0.004
 Avoid sharing dishes, spoons and cups 1794 (70.1) 1253 (71.6) −1.4 (−4.2, 1.3) 3047 (70.7) 0.312
 Avoiding people who appear to have TB 1104 (43.1) 713 (40.7) 2.4 (−0.6, 5.4) 1817 (42.2) 0.111
 Through good nutrition 1059 (41.4) 613 (35.0) 6.4 (3.5, 9.3) 1672 (38.8) < 0.001
 By praying and fasting 971 (38.0) 511 (29.2) 8.8 (5.9, 11.6) 1482 (34.4) < 0.001
 Avoid handshakes 364 (14.2) 238 (13.6) 0.6 (−1.5, 2.7) 602 (14.0) 0.553
Can TB be cured?
 Yes 2203 (86.1) 1607 (91.8) - 5.7 (−7.5, − 3.8) 3810 (88.4) < 0.001
 No 43 (1.7) 12 (0.7) 1.0 (0.4, 1.6) 55 (1.3) 0.004
 Don’t know 312 (12.2) 132 (7.5) 4.7 (2.9, 6.4) 444 (10.3) < 0.001
*How can someone with TB be cured? (Rural N = 2203, Urban N = 1607, Total N = 3810)
 Drugs specifically for TB 2132 (96.8) 1550 (96.5) 0.3 (− 0.8, 1.5) 3682 (96.6) 0.583
 Herbal remedies 225 (10.2) 161 (10.0) 0.2 (−1.7, 2.1) 386 (10.1) 0.844
 Praying and fasting 77 (3.5) 60 (3.7) −0.2 (−1.4, 1.0) 137 (3.6) 0.696
 Good nutrition 30 (1.4) 18 (1.1) 0.2 (−0.5, 0.9) 40 (1.3) 0.509
Cost of TB treatment in the country?
 It is free 932 (36.4) 782 (44.7) - 8.2 (−11.2, − 5.2) 1714 (39.8) < 0.001
 Pay some fee 458 (17.9) 241 (13.8) 4.1 (1.9, 6.3) 699 (16.2) < 0.001
 Don’t know 1168 (45.7) 728 (41.6) 4.1 (1.1, 7.1) 1896 (44.0) 0.008
Overall TB Knowledge
 Poor 882 (34.5) 544 (31.1) 3.4 (0.6, 6.3) 1426 (33.1) 0.019
 Good 1676 (65.5) 1207 (68.9) - 3.4 (− 6.3, − 0.6) 2883 (66.9) 0.019
  1. *Only the “Yes” responses tabulated