Skip to main content

Table 2 Adjusted multi-group (by acculturation status) path regression model of Hispanic/Latino youth’ SSB consumption by acculturative stress and family functioning (n = 1465)

From: Targeting family functioning, acculturative stress, and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption for obesity prevention: findings from the Hispanic community children’s health study/study of Latino youth

Paths modeled Integrated Assimilated Separated/Marginalized Unclassified
β (SE) 95%CI p β (SE) 95%CI p β (SE) 95%CI p β (SE) 95%CI p
SSB intake < −- accult. Stress 0.06 (0.06) −0.06, 0.19 0.34 −0.13 (0.04) −0.22, −0.03 < 0.01 0.65 (0.41) −0.15, 1.45 0.11 − 0.18 (0.10) − 0.38, 0.02 0.08
SSB intake < −- poor family functioning − 0.00 (0.00) − 0.01, 0.00 0.31 0.11 (0.06) 0.01, 0.23 0.07 −0.39 (0.45) −1.28, 0.50 0.38 0.10 (0.06) −0.02, 0.23 0.12
Poor family functioning < −- accult. Stress 0.28 (0.09) 0.10, 0.46 < 0.01 0.55 (0.11) 0.32, 0.78 < 0.01 0.84 (0.39) 0.07, 1.61 0.03 0.29 (0.03) 0.22, 0.35 < 0.01
SSB intake < −- youth age 0.19 (0.03) 0.12, 0.25 < 0.01 0.23 (0.04) 0.13, 0.32 < 0.01 0.39 (0.16) 0.07, 0.71 0.01 0.17 (0.07) 0.03, 0.31 0.01
SSB intake < −- youth sex 0.07 (0.01) 0.03, 0.11 < 0.01 0.10 (0.04) 0.01, 0.20 0.02 0.14 (0.17) 0.19, 0.48 0.39 0.08 (0.05) −0.02, 0.20 0.12
Poor family functioning < −- youth age 0.07 (0.07) − 0.07, 0.22 0.30 0.22 (0.06) 0.09, 0.34 < 0.01 0.15 (0.28) −0.39, 0.70 0.57 0.06 (0.03) −0.00, 0.13 0.08
Poor family functioning < −- youth sex 0.01 (0.03) −0.06, 0.09 0.68 −0.17 (0.04) −0.26, − 0.08 < 0.01 −0.19 (0.09) − 0.38, − 0.01 0.03 −0.09 (0.03) − 0.16, 0.01 0.01
Accult. stress < −- youth age − 0.12 (0.11) −0.35, 0.09 0.25 −0.41 (0.05) − 0.52, − 0.30 < 0.01 −0.56 (0.04) − 0.64, − 0.45 < 0.01 −0.22 (0.09) − 0.40, − 0.04 0.01
Accult. stress < −- youth sex −0.17 (0.03) − 0.24, − 0.10 < 0.01 0.07 (0.05) −0.03, 0.18 0.16 0.11 (0.17) −0.22, 0.46 0.50 0.06 (0.05) −0.05, 0.17 0.28
R2 0.09 0.29 0.49 0.10
Goodness-of-fit statistics CFI = 0.99 | RMSEA = 0.02 (0.00, 0.05) | SRMR = 0.03
  1. Abbreviations: SSB sugar-sweetened beverages; Accult. Stress acculturative stress; Acculturative stress is a latent variable composed of three observed indicators in the data, acculturative conflicts, perceived discrimination, and language conflicts (a = .61; r > .33). Indicators of acculturative stress loaded significantly onto factor (b > .41; p < 0.01)
  2. Prior to testing the regression models, ANOVA tests indicated mean SSB intake was statistically different across acculturation groups (F (2,1301) = 3.43, p = 0.04). Chi-square tests also indicated statistical differences across groups in poor family functioning (X2 = 15.30, p < 0.01)