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Table 1 Summary of characteristics of Hispanic/Latino youth, n = 1465

From: Targeting family functioning, acculturative stress, and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption for obesity prevention: findings from the Hispanic community children’s health study/study of Latino youth

  Total Sample (n = 1465) aIntegrated (n = 674) bAssimilated (n = 495) cSeparated or marginalized (n = 92) dUnclassified (n = 204)
SSB consumption (servings/day) 0.96 (0.75) 0.98 (0.80) 0.98 (0.72) 0.90 (0.62) 0.85 (0.62)
 Soft drinks 1.14 (1.07) 1.19 (1.14) 1.15 (1.03) 1.10 (0.92) 0.98 (0.90)
 Fruit juice 1.79 (1.35) 1.80 (1.41) 1.83 (1.29) 1.66 (1.09) 1.66 (1.29)
 Other beverages 0.46 (0.49) 0.47 (0.52) 0.46 (0.46) 0.43 (0.39) 0.41 (0.42)
Family functioning 1.93 (0.43) 1.88 (0.42) 1.99 (0.44) 1.99 (0.46) 1.93 (0.41)
Acculturation (AHIMSA scores)
aIntegrated 3.56 (2.14) 5.47 (1.15) 1.60 (1.09) 1.32 (0.99) 3.03 (1.15)
bAssimilated 2.99 (1.96) 1.57 (1.02) 5.17 (1.18) 1.54 (0.94) 3.10 (1.08)
cSeparated 1.19 (1.38) 0.78 (0.89) 0.98 (0.94) 4.46 (1.66) 1.58 (1.47)
cMarginalized 0.21 (0.57) 0.15 (0.43) 0.22 (0.51) 0.61 (1.15) 0.24 (0.64)
Age group
 8–12 years old 57.5% 46.5% 68.5% 60.9% 66.2%
 13–16 years old 42.4% 53.5% 31.5% 39.1% 33.8%
Sex
 Female 49.6% 52.9% 47.6% 47.8% 49.5%
 Male 50.3% 47.0% 52.3% 52.1% 50.4%
Birthplace
 U.S. Mainland 77.5% 73.2% 83.6% 71.9% 76.4%
 Outside of the U.S. Mainland 22.4% 26.7% 15.3% 28.0% 22.0%
Parental education
 Less than high school 38.6% 39.3% 38.1% 47.8% 32.3%
 High school/GED 28.5% 26.8% 29.4% 25.0% 32.8%
 Four-yr college/university or more 32.8% 33.5% 32.1% 27.1% 34.3%
Family income
 Less than $20,000 52.9% 50.0% 51.0% 61.9% 49.0%
 $20,000–$50,000 32.2% 32.9% 30.3% 26.0% 29.9%
 Greater than $50,000 14.8% 13.7% 15.4% 09.7% 16.6%
Household composition (number of members) 4.28 (1.42) 4.29 (1.44) 4.24 (1.37) 4.38 (1.52) 4.30 (1.40)
Acculturative stress
 Acculturation conflicts 1.77 (0.78) 1.62 (0.69) 1.92 (0.82) 1.85 (0.79) 1.88 (0.84)
 Perceived discrimination 1.47 (0.70) 1.34 (0.55) 1.57 (0.79) 1.75 (0.92) 1.50 (0.76)
 Language conflicts 1.58 (0.86) 1.43 (0.72) 1.64 (0.92) 2.20 (1.05) 1.65 (0.88)
Healthy Eating Index (2010-HEI) 53.9 (12.8) 54.0 (13.0) 52.8 (12.6) 54.5 (12.7) 54.4 (12.5)
  1. Note: aIntegration: Bi-culturalism; bAssimilation: Anglo-dominant (U.S. orientation); cMarginalization/Separation: Hispanic-dominant (Hispanic Orientation) or neither; dUnclassified: Acculturation status unknown
  2. Data shown as mean (SD) or percent
  3. Family functioning score ranged from 1 to 4, with greater scores indicating poorer family functioning
  4. AHIMSA score ranged from 1 to 8, with greater scores indicating greater acculturation for each category
  5. GED: General Education Diploma
  6. Acculturative Stress: The psychological impact of adaptation to a new culture. For Hispanics who come to the U.S., there are a number of significant stressors that are likely to be pervasive, intense, and lifelong due to acculturation. Each domain of the acculturative stress scale ranges from 1 to 5, with 5 more indicative of stress
  7. Healthy Eating Index (2010-HEI) score ranges from 0 to 100 and is a measure of diet quality used to assess compliance with the 2010 U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans and monitor dietary changes; higher scores indicating greater consistency of the diet