Skip to main content

Table 2 Kruskal Wallis H test for predictor variables on the level of knowledge and practices on insulin storage and injection differences among respondents’ in northwest Ethiopia primary hospitals, Gondar, 2019 (N = 166)

From: Evaluations of knowledge, skills and practices of insulin storage and injection handling techniques of diabetic patients in Ethiopian primary hospitals

Variables Knowledge score Practice score
Median (IQR) Test Statistics (X2), (df) P-value Median (IQR) Test Statistics (X2), (df) P-value
Educational status
 Illiterate 8 (6–10) 18.89, (3) < 0.001** 28 (27–30) 25.86, (3) < 0.001**
 Read & write only 9 (8–11)    28 (24–33)   
1ry and 2ndry education 9.5 (8–10)    31 (29.3–35)
 College & above 12 (8–13)    32 (29.3–34)
Occupation
 Farmer    0.076 28 (27–31.3) 23.24, (4) < 0.001**
 Employer     32 (28–35)   
 Merchant     29 (25.8–31)
 Housewife     31 (28–34)
 Student     32 (31–34)
Years of insulin therapy
 0.25–1 8 (6–9)   0.008** 28.5 (21.3–30.8) 15.85, (3) 0.001*
 > 1–5 9 (7–10.5) 11.71, (3)   31 (28.5–34)   
 > 5–10 10 (8–12)    29 (27–31)
 > 10 11 (8.5–12)    28.5 (27–32.5)
Years of disease
 0.25–1 8 (6–10) 10.67, (3) 0.014* 30 (22–32) 8.55, (3) 0.036*
 > 1–5 9 (7–10)    31 (28–34)   
 > 5–10 10 (8–12)    30.5 (27.3–33.8)
 > 10 10.5 (7.8–12)    28 (27–32.5)
Knowledge level
 Adequate (> 10.5) // // // 29 (23–31) 19.26, (2) < 0.001**
 Moderate (8–10.5)     30 (28–32.5)   
 Inadequate (< 7)     32.5 (29–35)
  1. * Statistically significant effect on patients’ knowledge and practice scores at p = 0.05
  2. **With Pairwise multiple comparisons of Kruskal Wallis 1-way ANOVA (k-samples) there is a significant difference among the groups