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Table 1 Distribution of selected characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus by sex (N = 166); 2019

From: Evaluations of knowledge, skills and practices of insulin storage and injection handling techniques of diabetic patients in Ethiopian primary hospitals

Variables Total Male Female P-value
N (166) %(100.0) N (91) % (54.8) N (75) %(45.2)
Age in years
 18–27 49 (29.5) 28 21 0.778
 28–40 43 (25.9) 22 21
 41–50 43 (25.9) 22 21
 > 50 31 (18.7) 19 12
 Mean ± SD 38.5 ± 13.8   
Residence
 Rural 86 (51.8) 43 43 //
 Urban 80 (48.2) 48 32
Marital status
 Single 56 (33.7) 31 25 0.02
 Married 94 (56.6) 52 42
 Divorced 10 (6) 8 2
 Widowed 6 (3.6) 0 6
Occupation
 Farmer 34 (20.5) 31 3 < 0.001
 Employer 31 (18.7) 18 13
 Merchant 38 (22.8) 21 17
 Housewife 36 (21.7) 8 28
 Student 27 (16.3) 13 14
Educational status
 Illiterate 48 (28.9) 27 21 0.546
 Read & write only 30 (18.1) 17 13
 Primary and secondary education 52 (31.3) 31 21
 College & above 36 (21.7) 16 20
Duration of DM (in years)
 0.25–1 15 (9) 5 10 0.002
 > 1–5 81 (48.8) 38 43
 > 5–10 40 (24.1) 23 17
 > 10 30 (18.1) 25 5
 Mean ± SD 2.5 ± 0.9   
Duration of Insulin therapy (in years)
 0.25–1 16 (9.6) 6 10 < 0.001
 > 1–5 97 (58.4) 44 53
 > 5–10 39 (23.5) 27 12
 > 10 14 (8.4) 14 0
 Mean ± SD 2.3 ± 0.8   
Getting of insulin
 Freely 74 (44.6) 39 35 //
 Payment 92 (55.4) 52 40