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Table 3 Factors associated with the rate of new HIV diagnoses in basic health areas (ABS) of Catalonia (Spain), 2012–2016. N: 355

From: The role of socio-demographic determinants in the geo-spatial distribution of newly diagnosed HIV infections in small areas of Catalonia (Spain)

  MODEL (1)    MODEL (2)  
Negative Binomial    Model (1) + Autocovariate  
Coef. (95%CI)   Pr(>|z|) Coef. (95%CI) Pr(>|z|)
Variable (ABS level)
 Constant 0 (0–0) 0 < 0.001 0 (0–0) < 0,001
 Type of municipality
  Rural Ref.     Ref.   
  Semi-urban 1.147 (0.962–1.369)   0,126 1.118 (0.941–1.329) 0,204
  Urban (county) 1.586 (1.231–2.043)   < 0.001 *** 1.44 (1.122–1.849) 0,004 **
  Urban (metropolitan) 1.331 (1.063–1.669)   0,012 * 1.307 (1.048–1.630) 0,016 *
  Urban (Barcelona) 2.52 (2.020–3.149)   < 0.001 *** 2.483 (2.004–3.080) < 0.001 ***
  Men, 15–44 years (%) 1.193 (1.113–1.280)   < 0.001 *** 1.189 (1.112–1.272) < 0.001 ***
 Men, Western Europe (%)a
  [0.02–2.13] Ref.       
  [2.13–13.2] 1.281 (1.085–1.513)   0,003 ** 1.29 (1.098–1.516) 0,002 **
 Men, Latin America (%)a
  [0.45–5.35] Ref.       
  [5.35–22.2] 1.26 (1.077–1.473)   0,003 ** 1.246 (1.071–1.449) 0,004 **
 Gay references (count)
  [0–2] Ref.       
  [3–6] 1.342 (0.995–1.824)   0,056 1.343 (1.009–1.799) 0,044
  [7–82] 2.665 (1.924–3.742)   < 0.001 *** 2.529 (1.853–3.491) < 0.001 ***
 Infection from MSM (%)b
  [0.72–45.4] Ref.     Ref.   
  (45.4–55.6] 0.878 (0.733–1.052)   0,158 0.887 (0.744–1.057) 0,181
  [55.6–67.1] 1.024 (0.865–1.212)   0,779 1.027 (0.871–1.210) 0,751
  [67.1–95.2] 1.23 (1.016–1.488)   0,03 * 1.226 (1.019–1.475) 0,028 *
 Deprivation indexb
  [0.00–37.4] Ref.     Ref.   
  [37.4–46.4] 1.031 (0.859–1.237)   0,745 1.004 (0.842–1.198) 0,965
  [46.4–54.5] 1.045 (0.865–1.264)   0,647 1.009 (0.838–1.214) 0,926
  [54.5–100.0] 1.131 (0.923–1.387)   0,237 1.092 (0.896–1.332) 0,382
 Autocovariate   1.156 (1.09–1.227) < 0.001 ***
 Model adjustment
  McFadden’s R2 0.226     0.236   
  -2LL − 1789.8     − 1767.4   
  AIC 1823.8     1803.4   
  BIC 1889.6     1873.1   
  n 355     355   
  g.l. 339     338   
  Moran I test 0.163 0,033   < 0.001 −0.038 0,033 0,841
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001
  2. a1st-3rd vs. 4th quartile; bquartiles