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Table 4 Weighted prevalence of perceived need for care and professional mental health service utilization for common mental disorders and risky substance use by sex and nationality (n = 981)

From: Mind the treatment gap: the prevalence of common mental disorder symptoms, risky substance use and service utilization among young Swiss adults

  Total Male Female Swiss Non-Swiss
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Perceived need (lifetime)
 ADHD alone 33.7% (24.9–42.5) 30.2% (17.8–42.7) 38.1% (25.9–50.2) 33.1% (23.2–42.9) 36.8% (17.7–55.9)
 Anxiety alone 38.3% (29.1–47.5) 35.9% (22.1–49.8) 40.8% (28.9–52.7) 39.9% (29.6–50.1) 30.1% (10.6–49.5)
 Depression alone 51.8% (45.6–58.1) 50.4% (38.9–62.0) 52.6% (45.3–60.0) 52.3% (45.1–59.5) 50.1% (37.4–62.9)
 Anxiety and ADHD 60.7% (37.8–83.5) 60.1% (17.1–100.0)a 60.9% (34.5–87.3) 62.6% (38.0–87.1) 47.0% (0.0–100.0)a
 Depression and ADHD 51.8% (38.2–65.3) 41.9% (16.4–67.4) 57.2% (41.9–72.6) 57.6% (41.8–73.3) 32.9% (9.9–55.9)
 Anxiety and depression 61.2% (55.0–67.4) 56.2% (42.9–69.4) 63.2% (56.3–70.1) 61.7% (54.6–68.9) 59.5% (47.1–71.9)
 ADHD, anxiety, and depression 65.2% (47.0–73.4) 65.7% (50.4–81.0) 65.0% (55.4–74.6) 65.4% (55.3–75.4) 65.0% (50.9–78.1)
 Anxiety, depression, or ADHD 52.0% (48.8–55.3) 46.6% (40.8–52.4) 55.5% (51.6–59.3) 52.3% (48.5–56.0) 51.3% (44.8–57.8)
Lifetime service utilization
 ADHD alone 24.5% (16.5–32.5) 25.4% (13.7–37.2) 23.3% (13.0–33.6) 23.8% (14.8–32.8) 27.6% (10.2–44.9)
 Anxiety alone 30.9% (22.4–39.3) 27.1% (14.3–39.8) 34.6% (23.6–45.7) 33.3% (23.8–42.9) 17.7% (1.7–33.7)
 Depression alone 34.5% (28.6–40.3) 30.9% (20.2–41.6) 36.5% (29.6–43.4) 34.5% (27.7–41.2) 34.5% (22.5–46.4)
 Anxiety and ADHD 33.8% (10.9–56.7) 43.6% (0.0–87.8)a 28.5% (3.3–53.7) 36.5% (11.3–61.7) 14.0% (0.0–42.7)a
 Depression and ADHD 37.0% (24.1–49.9) 40.0% (14.81–65.1) 35.4% (20.8–49.9) 37.7% (22.4–53.0) 34.6% (11.3–57.8)
 Anxiety and depression 45.3% (38.9–51.6) 30.8% (18.3–43.2) 50.9% (43.7–58.1) 46.3% (39.0–53.7) 41.9% (29.3–54.4)
 ADHD, anxiety, and depression 53.6% (44.9–62.2) 42.0% (25.8–58.2) 59.5% (49.6–69.5) 54.2% (43.6–64.7) 52.3% (37.2–67.3)
 Anxiety, depression, or ADHD 38.0% (34.8–41.1) 31.0% (25.6–36.4) 42.3% (38.6–46.1) 38.1% (34.5–41.7) 37.5% (31.2–43.9)
Current service utilization
 ADHD alone 9.4% (4.1–14.8) 8.9% (1.2–16.6) 10.1% (2.9–17.3) 9.4% (3.3–15.4) 9.7% (0.0–20.3)a
 Anxiety alone 11.7% (5.7–17.6) 14.0% (4.2–23.9) 9.3% (2.8–15.9) 10.5% (4.2–16.9) 17.7% (1.7–33.7)
 Depression alone 15.9% (11.3–20.4) 15.7% (7.1–24.2) 16.0% (10.8–21.2) 16.6% (11.3–21.9) 13.3% (4.8–21.8)
 Anxiety and ADHD 6.1% (0.0–17.6)a b 9.3% (0.0–26.5)a 6.9% (0.0–19.9)a b
 Depression and ADHD 15.4% (6.0–24.7) 12.3% (0.0–28.4)a 17.0% (5.6–28.5) 14.2% (3.5–24.8) 19.3% (0.0–38.9)a
 Anxiety and depression 18.6% (13.7–23.4) 8.6% (1.6–15.6) 22.4% (16.4–28.5) 17.2% (11.9–22.6) 23.0% (12.0–33.9)
 ADHD, anxiety, and depression 30.3% (22.5–38.2) 19.6% (7.0–32.2) 35.9% (26.2–45.6) 32.5% (22.8–42.2) 25.9% (12.6–39.2)
 Anxiety, depression, or ADHD 16.8% (14.5–19.2) 12.7% (8.9–16.5) 19.4% (16.4–22.5) 16.3% (13.6–19.0) 18.6% (13.5–23.8)
  1. aConfidence interval rounded to stay within possible values bno estimate