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Table 4 The difference in mortality between the physical activity (PA) and insufficient PA groups according to cause of death

From: Mortality and cause of death in physical activity and insufficient physical activity participants: a longitudinal follow-up study using a national health screening cohort

Cause of death Total participants
PA(n = 167,413) Insufficient PA (n = 167,413) Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
All-cause death (n,%) 5483 (100.0) 6781 (100.0) 0.80 (0.77–0.83) < 0.001*
Infection (n,%) 110 (2.0) 142 (2.1) 0.78 (0.60–0.99) 0.057
Neoplasm (n,%) 2425 (44.2) 2781 (41.0) 0.87 (0.82–0.92) < 0.001*
Metabolic disease (n,%) 165 (3.0) 202 (3.0) 0.82 (0.67–1.00) 0.063
Mental disease (n,%) 33 (0.6) 71 (1.1) 0.47 (0.31–0.70) 0.001*
Neurologic disease (n,%) 110 (2.0) 155 (2.3) 0.71 (0.56–0.91) 0.010*
Circulatory disease (n,%) 1011 (18.4) 1311 (19.3) 0.77 (0.71–0.84) < 0.001*
Respiratory disease (n,%) 372 (6.8) 567 (8.4) 0.66 (0.58–0.75) < 0.001*
Digestive disease (n,%) 171 (3.1) 215 (3.2) 0.80 (0.65–0.97) 0.036*
Muscular disease (n,%) 30 (0.6) 35 (0.5) 0.86 (0.53–1.40) 0.535
Genitourinary disease (n,%) 79 (1.4) 87 (1.3) 0.91 (0.67–1.23) 0.535
Abnormal finding (n,%) 283 (5.2) 365 (5.4) 0.78 (0.66–0.91) 0.002*
Trauma (n,%) 669 (12.2) 801 (11.8) 0.84 (0.75–0.93) 0.002*
Others (n,%) 25 (0.5) 49 (0.7) 0.51 (0.32–0.83) 0.009*
  1. Abbreviation: PA physical activity
  2. * Chi-square test. Significance at false discovery rate-adjusted P < 0.05