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Table 2 Crude and adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for mortality in the physical activity (PA) group compared with the insufficient PA group with subgroup analyses according to age and sex

From: Mortality and cause of death in physical activity and insufficient physical activity participants: a longitudinal follow-up study using a national health screening cohort

Characteristics Hazard ratios
Crude† P-value Adjusted†‡ P-value
Total participants (n = 334,826)
 PA 0.79 (0.77–0.82) < 0.001* 0.85 (0.82–0.88) < 0.001*
 Insufficient PA 1.00   1.00  
Age < 60 years old, males (n = 101,708)
 PA 1.01 (0.92–1.12) 0.772 1.05 (0.95–1.16) 0.323
 Insufficient PA 1.00   1.00  
Age < 60 years old, females (n = 77,008)
 PA 0.87 (0.73–1.04) 0.127 0.81 (0.67–0.96) 0.018*
 Insufficient PA 1.00   1.00  
Age ≥ 60 years old, males (n = 85,582)
 PA 0.77 (0.74–0.81) < 0.001* 0.84 (0.80–0.88) < 0.001*
 Insufficient PA 1.00   1.00  
Age ≥ 60 years old, females (n = 70,528)
 PA 0.72 (0.66–0.78) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.72–0.84) < 0.001*
 Insufficient PA 1.00   1.00  
  1. Abbreviations: CCI Charlson comorbidity index, PA physical activity
  2. * Stratified Cox-proportional hazard regression model, significance at P < 0.05
  3. † Models stratified by age, sex, income, and region of residence
  4. ‡ A model adjusted for obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and CCI scores