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Table 1 General Characteristics of Participants

From: Mortality and cause of death in physical activity and insufficient physical activity participants: a longitudinal follow-up study using a national health screening cohort

Characteristics Total participants
PA Insufficient PA P-value
Age (years old, n, %) 1.000
 45–49 17,218 (10.3) 17,218 (10.3)  
 50–54 42,312 (25.3) 42,312 (25.3)  
 55–59 29,828 (17.8) 29,828 (17.8)  
 60–64 31,678 (18.9) 31,678 (18.9)  
 65–69 18,687 (11.2) 18,687 (11.2)  
 70–74 18,377 (11.0) 18,377 (11.0)  
 75–79 6289 (3.8) 6289 (3.8)  
 80–84 2664 (1.6) 2664 (1.6)  
 85+ 360 (0.2) 360 (0.2)  
Sex (n, %) 1.000
 Male 93,645 (55.9) 93,645 (55.9)  
 Female 73,768 (44.1) 73,768 (44.1)  
Income (n, %) 1.000
 1 (lowest) 24,270 (14.5) 24,270 (14.5)  
 2 21,864 (13.1) 21,864 (13.1)  
 3 25,462 (15.2) 25,462 (15.2)  
 4 34,622 (20.7) 34,622 (20.7)  
 5 (highest) 61,195 (36.6) 61,195 (36.6)  
Region of residence (n, %) 1.000
 Urban 79,044 (47.2) 79,044 (47.2)  
 Rural 88,369 (52.8) 88,369 (52.8)  
Obesity (n, %)‡ < 0.001*
 Underweight 3331 (2.0) 3778 (2.3)  
 Normal 58,361 (34.9) 58,312 (34.8)  
 Overweight 48,046 (28.7) 46,304 (27.7)  
 Obese I 53,294 (31.8) 54,000 (32.3)  
 Obese II 4381 (2.6) 5019 (3.0)  
Smoking status (n, %) < 0.001*
 Nonsmoker 105,936 (63.3) 115,095 (68.8)  
 Past smoker 34,938 (20.9) 21,688 (13.0)  
 Current smoker 26,539 (15.9) 30,630 (18.3)  
Alcohol consumption < 0.001*
  < 1 time a week 96,476 (57.6) 112,334 (67.1)  
  ≥ 1 time a week 70,937 (42.4) 55,079 (32.9)  
CCI score (mean, SD) 0.58 (1.29) 0.62 (1.32) < 0.001†
Death 5483 (3.3) 6781 (4.1) < 0.001*
 Age < 60 years old, males 853 (1.7) 841 (1.7) 0.769
 Age < 60 years old, females 232 (0.6) 266 (0.7) 0.126
 Age ≥ 60 years old, males 3296 (7.7) 4165 (9.7) < 0.001*
 Age ≥ 60 years old, females 1102 (3.1) 1509 (4.3) < 0.001*
  1. Abbreviations: CCI Charlson comorbidity index, PA physical activity
  2. * Chi-square test. Significance at P < 0.05
  3. † Independent t test. Significance at P < 0.05
  4. ‡ Obesity (BMI, body mass index, kg/m2) was categorized as < 18.5 (underweight), ≥ 18.5 to < 23 (normal), ≥ 23 to < 25 (overweight), ≥ 25 to < 30 (obese I), and ≥ 30 (obese II)