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Table 3 Estimates of panel regression for presence of children on smoking behavior: full sample

From: The effect of the presence of children on adult smoking behaviour: empirical evidence based on China family panel studies

  (1)    (2)   
VARIABLS Smoke    Smoke   
  Odds Ratio 95% CI Odds Ratio 95% CI
Number of children 0.93*** 0.90 0.96 0.93*** 0.90 0.96
Age     1.02 0.75 1.41
Married     1.08 0.69 1.70
Years of edu     0.95** 0.92 0.99
Year effect 0.53*** 0.48 0.59 0.51** 0.27 0.97
Constant 0.93*** 0.90 0.95 0.93*** 0.90 0.96
Observations 45,513    45,513   
Number of household 23,157    23,157   
  1. Note: *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05;
  2. Model 1 was basic regression without other covariates except the year effect
  3. Model 2 was adjusted for age, married and education based on model 1