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Table 3 Factors associated with zinc utilization for management of diarrhea among under-five children, EDHS 2016

From: Factors associated with zinc utilization for the management of diarrhea in under-five children in Ethiopia

Variables Zinc utilization during Diarrhea Odds Ratio (95% CI)
No Yes COR AOR
Maternal age
 15–19 24 19 1.00 1.00
 20–24 167 96 1.00 (0.48–2.08) 1.04 (0.48–2.22)
 25–29 233 128 0.70 (0.34–1.44) 0.84 (0.38–1.85)
 30–34 233 78 0.54 (0.26–1.14) 0.80 (0.34–1.89)
 35–39 100 64 0.74 (0.34–1.59) 1.17 (0.47–2.89)
 40–44 50 18 0.56 (0.22–1.43) 0.97 (0.33–2.78)
 45–49 11 7 0.67 (0.16–2.74) 1.42 (0.32–6.19)
Maternal education
 Have no formal education 566 201 1.00 1.00
 Have formal education 253 208 2.39 (1.79–3.21) 1.83 (1.30–2.58) **
Media exposure
 No 575 226 1.00 1.00
 Yes 244 183 2.06 (1.53–2.76) 1.46 (1.04–2.04) *
Health insurance coverage
 No 797 390 1.00 1.00
 Yes 22 19 1.81 (0.83–3.94) 1.58 (0.72–3.48)
Parity
 Primiparous 146 81 1.00 1.00
 Multiparous 341 196 0.75 (0.51–1.11) 1.30 (0.82–2.04)
 Grand multiparous 332 132 0.52 (0.35–0.78) 1.40 (0.76–2.59)
Household size
 < 5 234 148 1.00 1.00
 ≥ 5 586 260 0.51 (0.38–0.69) 0.57 (0.39–0.82) **
Distance from the health facility
 Not a big problem 327 185 1.70 (1.27–2.27) 1.28 (0.95–1.74)
 Big problem 493 223 1.00 1.00
Residence
 Urban 62 64 1.00 1.00
 Rural 757 345 0.37 (0.25–0.55) 0.71 (0.44–1.14)
Region
 Large central 770 377 1.00 1.00
 Small peripheral 34 21 1.20 (0.85–1.70) 131 (0.92–1.87)
 Metropolitan 15 11 2.02 (1.28–3.19) 1.43 (0.88–2.32)
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio, * = P < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01