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Table 4 Multilevel logistic regression analysis of household iodized salt utilization in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Spatial distribution and determinants of household iodized salt utilization in Ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis of Ethiopian demographic and Health survey

Variables Use of iodized salt Odds ratio
Yes
N (%)
No
N (%)
COR
(95% CI)
AOR
(95% CI)
Community media exposure level
 low 7127(50.24) 1024(60.08) 1 1
 High 7059 (49.76) 681 (39.92) 2.14 (1.57–2.91) 1.52 (1.07–2.17)*
Residence
 Rural 11,284(88.63) 1447 (11.37) 1 1
 Urban 2902(91.84) 258 (8.16) 1.81 (1.29–2.55) 0.82 (0.50–1.35)
Media exposure
 Yes 4120 (91.06) 405(8.94) 1.21 (1.10–1.38) 1.10 (0.95–1.26)
 No 10,066(88.56) 1300 (11.44) 1 1
Education level
 No education 7734 (88.87) 969 (11.13) 1 1
 1ry education 4312 (88.92) 537 (11.08) 1.10 (0.95–1.24) 1.02 (0.89–1.17)
 2ry education 1119 (89.56) 131 (10.44) 1.39 (1.12–1.74) 1.25 (0.99–1.57)
 Higher education 1021 (93.73) 68 (6.27) 1.68 (1.30–2.16) 1.49 (1.14–1.93)*
Community education
 Low 7419 (89.35) 885(10.65) 1 1
 High 6767(89.19) 820 (10.81) 2.16 (1.59–2.94) 1.51 (1.03–2.20)*
Community poverty
 High 7455 (89.71) 855 (10.29) 1.99 (1.46–2.71) 1.20 (0.78–1.84)
 Low 6731 (88.79) 850 (11.21) 1 1
Wealth index
 Poorest 2577 (85.86) 424 (14.14) 1 1
 Poorer 2762 (90.07) 305 (9.93) 1.22 (0.99–1.49) 1.15 (0.94–1.41)
 Middle 2711 (89.40) 321 (10.60) 1.45 (1.16–1.81) 1.31 (1.04–1.65)*
 Richer 2672 (89.29) 320 (10.71) 1.49 (1.18–1.88) 1.26 (0.99–1.62)
 Richest 3465 (91.21) 334 (8.79) 1.79 (1.39–2.29) 1.26 (0.92–1.73)
  1. *p ≤ 0.05