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Table 2 Participant characteristics according to treatment status in hypertensive participants after propensity matching

From: Lack of a bridge between screening and medical management for hypertension: health screening cohort in Japan

Variables Baseline systolic blood pressure 140–159 mmHg Baseline systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 mmHg
Untreated n = 1539 Treated n = 1539 Standardized Differencea P value Untreated n = 811 Treated n = 811 Standardized Differencea P Value
Age, years 53.3 (8.2) 53.4 (8.1) −0.01 0.74 53.7 (8.5) 53.8 (8.2) −0.01 0.84
BMI, kg/m2 25.4 (3.9) 25.3 (3.8) 0.01 0.85 25.7 (4.8) 25.7 (4.3) −0.01 0.90
HbA1c, % 5.8 (1.0) 5.8 (1.0) 0.002 0.96 5.9 (1.0) 5.9 (1.2) −0.06 0.22
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 148.8 (5.6) 148.7 (5.6) 0.03 0.45 173.0 (12.0) 172.9 (12.1) 0.002 0.97
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 94.0 (8.4) 94.0 (9.4) −0.003 0.94 104.3 (11.3) 104.2 (11.6) 0.02 0.76
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 132.7 (33.8) 133.5 (34.3) −0.02 0.53 133.1 (34.2) 133.0 (35.0) 0.001 0.99
  n (%) n (%)    n (%) n (%)   
Men 1269 (82.5) 1267 (82.3) 0.003 0.96 678 (83.6) 681 (84.0) 0.01 0.89
Current smoking 510 (33.1) 514 (33.4) 0.01 0.91 333 (41.1) 325 (40.1) 0.02 0.72
Drinking alcohol: Not everyday 835 (54.3) 845 (54.9) 0.01 0.94 428 (52.8) 423 (52.2) 0.04 0.74
Drinking alcohol: Everyday, small amount 452 (29.4) 444 (28.8)   233 (28.7) 246 (30.3)  
Drinking alcohol: Everyday, large amount 252 (16.4) 250 (16.2) 150 (18.5) 142 (17.5)
Exercise habit 615 (40.0) 642 (41.7) 0.04 0.34 290 (35.8) 318 (39.2) 0.07 0.17
Diagnosed comorbidities
 Diabetes 41 (2.7) 33 (2.1) 0.03 0.41 18 (2.2) 22 (2.7) 0.03 0.63
 Cancer 24 (1.6) 23 (1.5) 0.01 1.00 11 (1.4) 12 (1.5) 0.01 1.00
 Chronic lung disease 70 (4.5) 66 (4.3) 0.01 0.79 31 (3.8) 24 (3.0) 0.05 0.41
 Liver disease 86 (5.6) 72 (4.7) 0.04 0.29 29 (3.6) 23 (2.8) 0.04 0.48
 Peptic ulcer 68 (4.4) 64 (4.2) 0.01 0.79 37 (4.6) 23 (2.8) 0.09 0.09
 Cerebrovascular disease 15 (1.0) 17 (1.1) 0.01 0.86 8 (1.0) 5 (0.6) 0.04 0.58
 Peripheral vascular disease 18 (1.2) 20 (1.3) 0.01 0.87 7 (0.9) 9 (1.1) 0.02 0.80
 Insomnia 60 (3.9) 43 (2.8) 0.06 0.11 15 (1.8) 12 (1.5) 0.03 0.70
 Depression 28 (1.8) 22 (1.4) 0.03 0.48 15 (1.8) 8 (1.0) 0.07 0.21
  1. Abbreviations: M mean, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure
  2. areference category is the treatment group