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Table 2 Unweighted means and distributions by citizenship status for sample socio-demographic characteristics

From: States with fewer criminalizing immigrant policies have smaller health care inequities between citizens and noncitizens

  Noncitizen Naturalized Citizen US Born Citizen All
n = 5687 n = 4827 n = 42,048 n = 52,562
% % % %
Citizenship Status
 Noncitizen     10.8
 Naturalized Citizen     9.2
 US Born Citizen     80.0
# of criminalization policies (range: 1–6) 3.2 ± 0.01 3.3 ± 0.01 3.6 ± 0.005 3.5 ± 1.1
Has usual source of care
 Yes 67.3 84.7 84.9 83.0
 No 32.7 15.3 15.1 17.0
Race
 Latino 65.1 43.2 10.1 19.1
 White 8.3 18.8 72.0 60.1
 Black 6.3 11.3 15.9 14.5
 Asian 20.3 26.8 2.0 6.3
Sex
 Male 48.1 44.1 45.9 46.0
 Female 51.9 55.9 54.1 54.1
Age 38.3 ± 0.1 44.4 ± 0.2 42.0 ± 0.07 41.8 ± 0.13
High school graduate or higher
 Yes 59.4 83.9 91.3 87.1
 No 40.6 16.1 8.7 12.9
Currently working
 Yes 72.5 80.5 78.7 78.2
 No 27.5 19.5 21.3 21.8
Currently married
 Yes 56.1 58.1 44.4 47.0
 No 43.9 41.9 55.6 53.0
Has health insurance
 Yes 87.8 92.5 92.5 92.1
 No 12.2 7.5 7.5 7.9
Speaks English Well
 Yes 54.7 84.9 99.7 93.4
 No 45.3 15.1 0.3 6.6
# of inclusion policies (range: 2–11) 7.0 ± 0.04 6.8 ± 0.04 5.2 ± 0.01 5.7 ± 2.9
% state voted Republican 2012 0.45 ± 0.00 0.44 ± 0.00 0.49 ± 0.00 0.48 ± 0.1
  1. Notes
  2. Source: National Health Interivew Survey, 2014–2015, Latino, White, Black, and Asian adults ages 18–64
  3. sd Standard deviation