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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors associated with health literacy in participants stratified by different socio-demographic characteristics

From: Exploring health literacy in Wuhan, China: a cross-sectional analysis

Parameters B S.E. Wald df P OR OR 95% CI
Residence
 Rural ref       
 Urban 0.27 0.10 7.26 1 0.01 1.31 (1.08, 1.60)
Age, years old
 15–24 ref       
 25–34 0.06 0.24 0.07 1 0.79 1.07 (0.67, 1.70)
 35–44 0.29 0.24 1.46 1 0.23 1.34 (0.83, 2.14)
 45–54 0.01 0.24 0.00 1 0.96 1.01 (0.63, 1.63)
 55–64 − 0.37 0.25 2.29 1 0.13 0.69 (0.42, 1.12)
 65–69 − 0.01 0.26 0.00 1 0.96 0.99 (0.59, 1.66)
Education
 Illiterate ref       
 Primary school 0.02 0.44 0.00 1 0.96 1.02 (0.43, 2.41)
 Junior school 0.03 0.42 0.00 1 0.95 1.03 (0.45, 2.32)
 High school 0.82 0.42 3.88 1 < 0.05 2.27 (1.00, 5.13)
 College 1.68 0.42 15.97 1 < 0.01 5.36 (2.35, 12.23)
 Master’s degree or higher 1.90 0.46 16.91 1 < 0.01 6.67 (2.70, 16.46)
Occupation
 Civil servant ref       
 Teacher 0.60 0.26 5.19 1 0.02 1.83 (1.09, 3.07)
 Medical staff 0.88 0.29 9.02 1 < 0.01 2.42 (1.36, 4.32)
 Staff at other public institutions 0.12 0.24 0.24 1 0.62 1.13 (0.70, 1.81)
 Student 0.31 0.37 0.72 1 0.40 1.37 (0.67, 2.80)
 Farmer −0.28 0.31 0.85 1 0.36 0.75 (0.41, 1.38)
 Worker −0.79 0.28 8.10 1 < 0.01 0.46 (0.27, 0.78)
 Staff of other enterprises −0.72 0.25 8.58 1 < 0.01 0.49 (0.30, 0.79)
 Other −0.45 0.24 3.49 1 0.06 0.64 (0.40, 1.02)
Number of people in the household
 1–3 ref       
 4–6 −0.04 0.09 0.19 1 0.67 0.96 (0.81, 1.15)
 ≥ 7 0.37 0.35 1.11 1 0.29 1.44 (0.73, 2.86)
Average household income per month (CNY)
 < 30,000 ref       
 30,000–50,000 0.51 0.26 3.92 1 < 0.05 1.67 (1.01, 2.76)
 50,000–100,000 1.21 0.24 25.81 1 < 0.01 3.36 (2.11, 5.37)
 100,000–300,000 1.41 0.24 34.73 1 < 0.01 4.11 (2.57, 6.57)
 ≥ 300,000 0.65 0.29 5.06 1 0.02 1.91 (1.09, 3.35)
Suffering from chronic diseases a
 No ref       
 Yes −0.18 0.09 4.41 1 0.04 0.83 (0.70, 0.99)
Self-reported health status
 Excellent ref       
 Good 0.05 0.10 0.26 1 0.61 1.05 (0.86, 1.29)
 General 0.05 0.11 0.17 1 0.68 1.05 (0.84, 1.31)
 Relatively poor 0.20 0.24 0.66 1 0.42 1.22 (0.76, 1.96)
 Poor −0.11 0.65 0.03 1 0.87 0.90 (0.25, 3.23)
Constant −3.34 0.58 33.20 1 < 0.01 0.04
  1. aChronic diseases included hypertension, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease (stroke, cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis), diabetes, and malignant cancer