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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge rate of health literacy in Wuhan in 2018

From: Exploring health literacy in Wuhan, China: a cross-sectional analysis

Characteristics N (%) a >  80% score b Knowledge rate (%) χ2 P
Area of residence
 Urban 3315 (63.7) 773 23.3 95.20 < 0.001
 Rural 1890 (36.3) 231 12.2   
Gender
 Male 2408 (46.3) 450 18.7 1.04 0.308
 Female 2797 (53.7) 554 19.8   
Age, years
 15–24 209 (4.0) 65 31.1 210.58 < 0.001
 25–34 759 (14.6) 212 27.9   
 35–44 853 (16.4) 261 30.6   
 45–54 1232 (23.7) 218 17.7   
 55–64 1343 (25.8) 154 11.5   
 65–69 809 (15.5) 94 11.6   
Ethnicity
 Han 5168 (99.3) 993 19.2 2.61 0.106
 Other 37 (0.7) 11 29.7   
Education
 Illiterate 141 (2.7) 7 5.0 768.04 < 0.001
 Primary school 550 (10.6) 30 5.5   
 Junior school 1431 (27.5) 87 6.1   
 High school 1524 (29.3) 235 15.4   
 College 1417 (27.2) 567 40.0   
 Master’s degree or higher 142 (2.7) 78 54.9   
Occupation
 Civil servant 89 (1.7) 39 43.8 677.64 < 0.001
 Teacher 231 (4.4) 130 56.3   
 Medical staff 127 (2.4) 71 55.9   
 Staff at other public institutions 608 (11.7) 228 37.5   
 Student 110 (2.1) 43 39.1   
 Farmer 699 (13.4) 41 5.9   
 Worker 684 (13.1) 56 8.2   
 Staff of other enterprises 815 (15.7) 144 17.7   
 Other 1842 (35.4) 252 13.7   
Number of people in the household
 1–3 3695 (71.0) 680 18.4 6.450 0.040
 4–6 1447 (27.8) 310 21.4   
 ≥ 7 63 (1.2) 14 22.2   
Average annual household income, CNY
 < 30,000 539 (10.4) 21 3.9 268.12 < 0.001
 30,000-50,000 969 (18.6) 87 9.0   
 50,000-100,000 1826 (35.1) 367 20.1   
 100,000-300,000 1589 (30.5) 478 30.1   
 ≥ 300,000 282 (5.4) 51 18.1   
Native population
 Yes 4648 (89.3) 894 19.2 0.09 0.771
 No 557 (10.7) 110 19.7   
Suffering from chronic diseases c
 Yes 2610 (50.1) 370 14.2 87.91 < 0.001
 No 2595 (49.9) 634 24.4   
Self-reported health status
 Excellent 1138 (21.9) 238 20.9 9.66 0.047
 Good 2203 (42.3) 444 20.2   
 Average 1643 (31.6) 288 17.5   
 Relatively poor 186 (3.6) 31 16.7   
 Poor 35 (0.7) 3 8.6   
Total 5205 (100.0) 1004 19.3
  1. aPercentage of all participants; bnumber of participants with a total score greater than 80%; c chronic diseases included hypertension, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease (stroke, cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis), diabetes, and malignant cancer