Skip to main content

Table 5 Sexual health outcomes of major ethnic groups in New Zealand by three classification methods controlling for recruitment year, method, and demographics

From: Ethnicity classification systems for public health surveys: experiences from HIV behavioural surveillance among men who have sex with men

  Ethnicity Prioritisation
AOR (95% CI)
Single/Combination
AOR (95% CI)
Total response
AOR (95% CI)
Number of sexual partners (greater than 20 in past 6 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.46 (1.17-1.81) 1.41 (1.05-1.89) 1.46 (1.17-1.81)
Pacific 2.12 (1.53-2.93) 2.22 (1.45-3.39) 2.05 (1.52-2.78)
Asian 1.04 (0.80-1.34) 1.01 (0.78-1.32) 1.09 (0.86-1.40)
Other 1.26 (0.85-1.86) 1.23 (0.82-1.86) 1.29 (0.88-1.89)
European-Māori   1.47 (1.05-2.05)  
European-Pacific   1.86 (1.05-3.30)  
Other combinations   1.73 (1.13-2.64)  
Condomless anal intercourse with casual partner (any in past 6 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.28 (1.11-1.49) 1.26 (1.02-1.54) 1.28 (1.11-1.49)
Pacific 1.44 (1.13-1.84) 1.50 (1.09-2.06) 1.42 (1.13-1.77)
Asian 0.92 (0.78-1.09) 0.93 (0.78-1.11) 0.96 (0.81-1.13)
Other 0.95 (0.71-1.26) 0.99 (0.74-1.33) 0.97 (0.74-1.28)
European-Māori   1.28 (1.03-1.60)  
European-Pacific   1.46 (0.96-2.21)  
Other combinations   1.07 (0.77-1.47)  
Condomless anal intercourse with regular partner (any in past 6 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 0.84 (0.71-0.99) 0.84 (0.68-1.05) 0.84 (0.71-0.99)
Pacific 1.20 (0.93-1.54) 1.38 (0.99-1.91) 1.18 (0.94-1.49)
Asian 0.79 (0.67-0.94) 0.79 (0.66-0.94) 0.80 (0.68-0.94)
Other 0.99 (0.76-1.30) 0.96 (0.73-1.27) 0.99 (0.76-1.29)
European-Māori   0.78 (0.61-1.01)  
European-Pacific   1.03 (0.68-1.59)  
Other combinations   1.01 (0.73-1.39)  
STI testing or treatment (past 12 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.10 (0.96-1.26) 1.14 (0.95-1.37) 1.10 (0.96-1.26)
Pacific 0.88 (0.70-1.10) 0.89 (0.66-1.20) 0.92 (0.75-1.14)
Asian 0.67 (0.58-0.78) 0.65 (0.56-0.75) 0.68 (0.59-0.79)
Other 1.00 (0.79-1.27) 0.98 (0.77-1.26) 1.03 (0.82-1.30)
European-Māori   1.04 (0.85-1.28)  
European-Pacific   0.84 (0.57-1.23)  
Other combinations   1.08 (0.82-1.43)  
STI diagnosis (past 12 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.09 (0.87-1.36) 1.07 (0.79-1.46) 1.08 (0.87-1.35)
Pacific 1.40 (1.00-1.96) 1.29 (0.82-2.04) 1.61 (1.20-2.16)
Asian 0.69 (0.53-0.90) 0.66 (0.49-0.87) 0.77 (0.59-0.99)
Other 0.69 (0.44-1.09) 0.75 (0.47-1.18) 0.76 (0.49-1.16)
European-Māori   0.84 (0.59-1.21)  
European-Pacific   1.52 (0.87-2.65)  
Other combinations   1.61 (1.09-2.38)  
HIV testing (ever) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.07 (0.92-1.24) 1.03 (0.84-1.26) 1.07 (0.92-1.24)
Pacific 0.69 (0.54-0.88) 0.60 (0.43-0.82) 0.75 (0.60-0.93)
Asian 0.72 (0.62-0.85) 0.70 (0.60-0.83) 0.71 (0.61-0.83)
Other 1.69 (1.24-2.32) 1.64 (1.19-2.26) 1.61 (1.19-2.17)
European-Māori   1.12 (0.90-1.39)  
European-Pacific   1.14 (0.74-1.75)  
Other combinations   0.92 (0.68-1.26)  
HIV testing (past 12 months) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 1.08 (0.95-1.24) 1.06 (0.88-1.28) 1.09 (0.95-1.24)
Pacific 0.80 (0.63-1.02) 0.73 (0.53-1.01) 0.85 (0.68-1.05)
Asian 0.85 (0.73-0.98) 0.84 (0.72-0.97) 0.84 (0.73-0.96)
Other 1.31 (1.03-1.67) 1.30 (1.01-1.66) 1.32 (1.04-1.66)
European-Māori   1.11 (0.91-1.37)  
European-Pacific   1.04 (0.70-1.53)  
Other combinations   0.98 (0.74-1.30)  
HIV positive test result (ever) European (referent) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Māori 0.70 (0.44-1.13) 0.63 (0.33-1.21) 0.70 (0.44-1.13)
Pacific 1.34 (0.69-2.58) 1.25 (0.50-3.11) 1.50 (0.84-2.67)
Asian 0.39 (0.21-0.72) 0.38 (0.20-0.73) 0.44 (0.25-0.79)
Other 1.06 (0.57-2.00) 1.16 (0.61-2.19) 1.12 (0.61-2.06)
European-Māori   0.41 (0.15-1.12)  
European-Pacific   1.47 (0.52-4.11)  
Other combinations   1.35 (0.62-2.95)  
  1. Bolded text indicates statistical significance based on multivariable logistic regression (p<0.05)