Skip to main content

Table 4 Sexual health outcomes of major ethnic groups in New Zealand by three classification methods

From: Ethnicity classification systems for public health surveys: experiences from HIV behavioural surveillance among men who have sex with men

  Ethnicity Prioritisation
n (%)
Single/Combination
n (%)
Total response
n (%)
Number of sexual partners (greater than 20 in past 6 months) European (referent) 666 (8.7) 666 (8.7) 666 (8.7)
Māori 112 (10.9)* 59 (11.4)* 112 (10.9)*
Pacific 47 (13.8)* 27 (14.0)* 55 (13.4)*
Asian 76 (8.2) 69 (8.0) 84 (8.5)
Other 31 (10.3) 28 (10.0) 33 (10.3)
European-Māori   43 (10.3)  
European-Pacific   14 (12.8)  
Other combinations   26 (12.1)  
Condomless anal intercourse with casual partner (any in past 6 months) European (referent) 2115 (27.7) 2115 (27.7) 2115 (27.7)
Māori 322 (31.9)* 154 (30.4) 322 (31.9)*
Pacific 108 (32.0) 61 (31.4) 128 (31.3)
Asian 214 (23.5)* 199 (23.6)* 233 (24.0)*
Other 69 (23.2) 66 (23.9) 74 (23.4)
European-Māori   141 (34.1)*  
European-Pacific   37 (34.9)  
Other combinations   55 (25.6)  
Condomless anal intercourse with regular partner (any in past 6 months) European (referent) 2008 (26.3) 2008 (26.3) 2008 (26.3)
Māori 224 (22.2)* 115 (22.5) 224 (22.2)*
Pacific 95 (28.3) 58 (30.7) 114 (28.1)
Asian 209 (22.9)* 194 (22.9)* 223 (23.0)*
Other 81 (26.9) 73 (26.2) 85 (26.6)
European-Māori   86 (20.9)*  
European-Pacific   29 (26.6)  
Other combinations   54 (25.6)  
STI testing or treatment (past 12 months) European (referent) 3671 (47.3) 3671 (47.3) 3671 (47.3)
Māori 513 (49.6) 260 (49.9) 513 (49.6)
Pacific 148 (43.8) 83 (43.7) 185 (45.1)
Asian 376 (40.3)* 341 (39.4)* 402 (40.6)*
Other 150 (49.7) 138 (49.5) 161 (50.0)
European-Māori   207 (48.8)  
European-Pacific   47 (43.1)  
Other combinations   111 (50.5)  
STI diagnosis (past 12 months) European (referent) 740 (9.7) 740 (9.7) 740 (9.7)
Māori 104 (10.2) 50 (9.8) 104 (10.2)
Pacific 43 (12.7) 23 (12.0) 58 (14.1)*
Asian 68 (7.5)* 60 (7.2)* 79 (8.2)
Other 22 (7.3) 22 (7.9) 25 (7.8)
European-Māori   35 (8.3)  
European-Pacific   15 (13.6)  
Other combinations   32 (14.6)*  
HIV testing (ever) European (referent) 5306 (68.0) 5306 (68.0) 5306 (68.0)
Māori 683 (65.2) 348 (65.7) 683 (65.2)
Pacific 185 (53.9)* 98 (50.5)* 231 (55.7)*
Asian 604 (64.8)* 557 (64.5)* 632 (63.8)*
Other 244 (80.8)* 224 (80.3)* 255 (79.2)*
European-Māori   276 (64.6)  
European-Pacific   72 (65.5)  
Other combinations   141 (63.5)  
HIV testing (past 12 months) European (referent) 3111 (39.9) 3111 (39.9) 3111 (39.9)
Māori 433 (41.3) 212 (40.0) 433 (41.3)
Pacific 114 (33.2)* 59 (30.4)* 144 (34.7)*
Asian 374 (40.1) 345 (40.0) 392 (39.6)
Other 153 (50.7)* 141 (50.5)* 161 (50.0)*
European-Māori   183 (42.9)  
European-Pacific   45 (40.9)  
Other combinations   89 (40.1)  
HIV positive test result (ever) European (referent) 262 (3.4) 262 (3.4) 262 (3.4)
Māori 19 (1.9)* 10 (1.9) 19 (1.9)*
Pacific 10 (3.0) 5 (2.7) 13 (3.2)
Asian 12 (1.3)* 11 (1.3)* 14 (1.4)*
Other 13 (4.4) 13 (4.7) 14 (4.4)
European-Māori   4 (1.0)*  
European-Pacific   4 (3.7)  
Other combinations   7 (3.2)  
  1. *statistically significant difference based on univariate logistic regression (p<0.05)