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Table 3 Recruitment and demographic differences between major ethnic groups in New Zealand within each of three different classification methods (n = 10,525)

From: Ethnicity classification systems for public health surveys: experiences from HIV behavioural surveillance among men who have sex with men

  Ethnicity Prioritisation
n (%)
Single/Combination
n (%)
Total Response
n (%)
Recruitment (online) European (referent) 5068 (64.4) 5068 (64.4) 5068 (64.4)
Māori 646 (61.1)* 301 (56.0)* 646 (61.1)*
Pacific 185 (52.7)* 95 (47.3)* 222 (52.4)*
Asian 453 (48.0)* 421 (48.1)* 490 (48.9)*
Other 131 (43.0)* 121 (42.9)* 141 (43.4)*
European-Māori   299 (69.9)*  
European-Pacific   65 (58.6)  
Other combinations   113 (50.7)*  
Age (less than 30 years) European (referent) 3086 (39.5) 3086 (39.5) 3086 (39.5)
Māori 549 (52.8)* 232 (43.8) 549 (52.8)*
Pacific 218 (62.8)* 118 (59.6)* 264 (63.2)*
Asian 543 (58.0)* 497 (57.2)* 582 (58.6)*
Other 136 (45.2)* 127 (45.7)* 149 (46.6)*
European-Māori   262 (62.4)*  
European-Pacific   73 (65.8)*  
Other combinations   137 (62.8)*  
Identity (gay) European (referent) 5690 (72.6) 5690 (72.6) 5690 (72.6)
Māori 657 (62.4)* 321 (60.0)* 657 (62.4)*
Pacific 214 (61.3)* 107 (53.8)* 258 (61.1)*
Asian 739 (78.8)* 681 (78.4)* 775 (77.7)*
Other 228 (75.5) 208 (74.3) 242 (75.2)
European-Māori   279 (65.5)*  
European-Pacific   83 (74.8)  
Other combinations   159 (71.6)  
Education (tertiary degree or higher) European (referent) 2862 (36.8) 2862 (36.8) 2862 (36.8)
Māori 335 (32.1)* 159 (30.0)* 335 (32.1)*
Pacific 109 (31.8)* 59 (30.0)* 135 (32.5)*
Asian 637 (68.1)* 605 (69.8)* 667 (67.2)*
Other 177 (58.8)* 162 (58.3)* 182 (57.4)*
European-Māori   143 (33.7)  
European-Pacific   30 (27.5)  
Other combinations   100 (45.7)  
  1. * Statistically significant difference with European category based on univariate logistic regression (p < 0.05)