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Table 1 Sample characteristics at baseline by adherence status

From: Effectiveness of a prevention program in the incidence of cardiovascular outcomes in a low-income population from Colombia: a real-world propensity score-matched cohort study

Characteristic Unmatcheda Matcheda
Adherent Non-adherent SMD Adherent Non-adherent SMD
Frequency of patients, n (%) 20,613 31,894   19,943 15,631  
Sex
 Female 13,914 (67.5) 19,983 (62.7) 0.103 13,464 (67.5) 10,351 (66.2) 0.032
 Male 6699 (32.5) 11,911 (37.3) 0.103 6479 (32.5) 5280 (33.8) 0.032
Age in years, mean (SD) 56.1 (10.2) 56.4 (10.4) 0.034 56.1 (10.2) 56.2 (10.4) 0.011
Overweight or obesity (BMI > 25) 13,356 (64.9) 21,023 (66) 0.024 13,001 (65.2) 10,337 (66.1) 0.004
Diagnosis at baseline
 Hypertension 19,796 (96) 30,010 (94.1) 0.1 19,179 (96.2) 14,904 (95.3) 0.074
 Diabetes millitus type 2 4224 (20.5) 10,983 (34.4) 0.345 4061 (20.4) 4033 (25.8) 0.135
 Dyslipidemia 4759 (23.1) 13,962 (43.8) 0.491 4681 (23.5) 5084 (32.5) 0.075
 Chronic kidney disease 2326 (11.3) 3226 (10.1) 0.037 2252 (11.3) 1560 (10) 0.003
Prevalence groups
 HTA 10,733 (52.1) 9074 (28.5) 0.473 10,353 (51.9) 6542 (41.9) 0.038
 HTA + Dyslipidemia 3665 (17.8) 9329 (29.3) 0.3 3603 (18.1) 3782 (24.2) 0.086
 HTA + DM 2432 (11.8) 5037 (15.8) 0.124 2340 (11.7) 2202 (14.1) 0.102
 HTA + DM + Dyslipidemia 1582 (7.7) 1432 (4.5) 0.12 1523 (7.6) 864 (5.5) 0.015
 HTA + CKD 817 (4.0) 1884 (5.9) 0.1 764 (3.8) 727 (4.7) 0.074
 DM 640 (3.1) 3344 (10.5) 0.425 631 (3.2) 818 (5.2) 0.034
 HTA + CKD + Dyslipidemia 409 (2.0) 1076 (3.4) 0.1 403 (2.0) 410 (2.6) 0.044
 HTA + DM + CKD 290 (1.4) 505 (1.6) 0.015 282 (1.4) 212 (1.4) 0.002
 HTA + DM + Dyslipidemia + CKD 45 (0.2) 213 (0.7) 0.096 44 (0.2) 74 (0.5) 0.036
Cardiovascular risk factors, mean (SD)
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127.1 (14.9) 129.1 (17.2) 0.134 127.1 (14.9) 128.2 (16.3) 0.07
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80.2 (11) 81.5 (12.1) 0.12 80.3 (11) 81 (12.2) 0.054
 Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) 6.9 (1.8) 8.4 (2.4) 0.801 6.9 (1.7) 7.2 (1.7) 0.036
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 190.5 (40.9) 201.2 (44.1) 0.263 190.2 (40.4) 194.1 (41.4) 0.019
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 109.7 (32.8) 117.8 (33.3) 0.247 109.8 (32.8) 113.1 (31.7) 0.016
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 47.7 (11.1) 47.6 (10.9) 0.011 47.7 (11.1) 47.6 (11) 0.018
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 153.1 (72.4) 169.6 (79.4) 0.229 152.3 (71.3) 159.6 (72.2) 0.045
 Current smokingb 1075 (5.2) 8525 (26.7) 0.968 1050 (5.3) 1384 (8.9) 0.006
Frequency of physical activity
  Never 9172 (44.5) 25,381 (79.6) 0.706 9050 (45.4) 11,196 (71.6) 0.024
  Occasional 7396 (35.9) 4350 (13.6) 0.464 7098 (35.6) 2868 (18.3) 0.049
  Frequent 4045 (19.6) 2163 (6.8) 0.323 3795 (19.0) 1567 (10.0) 0.029
  1. aThe overall matched and unmatched samples equal to the sum of the marched and unmatched patients within each risk group. bA patient was considered a current smoker if reported to be a smoker or ex-smoker during the last year in the program. BMI Body Mass Index, LDL Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL High density lipoprotein cholesterol, HTA Hypertension, DM Diabetes Mellitus, SMD Absolute Standardized Mean Difference