Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between different forms of intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, 2016

From: The mediation effect of contraceptive use and women’s autonomy on the relationship between intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy in Ethiopia

IPV forms Category Participant had unintended pregnancy
COR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)a p-value
Physical IPV No Reference
Yes 1.23 (0.93, 1.64) 0.144 1.19 (0.87, 1.62) 0.270
Sexual IPV No Reference
Yes 1.78 (1.26, 2.50) 0.001 1.71 (1.18, 2.48) 0.004
Emotional IPV No Reference
Yes 1.52 (1.13, 2.04) 0.006 1.40 (1.02, 1.93) 0.037
Partner controlling behaviour No Reference
Yes 1.23 (0.95, 1.59) 0.115 1.18 (0.91, 1.53) 0.210
IPV (all)b No Reference
Yes 1.20 (0.90, 1.59) 0.211 1.13 (0.85, 1.49) 0.406
IPV (physical, sexual, or emotional)c No Reference
Yes 1.46 (1.13, 1.90) 0.005 1.39 (1.05, 1.85) 0.021
Partner controlling behaviourd No Reference
Single 1.34 (0.99, 1.83) 0.062 1.30 (0.95, 1.79) 0.102
Multiple 1.67 (1.24, 2.24) 0.001 1.57 (1.16, 2.14) 0.004
  1. IPV intimate partner violence, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AOR adjusted odds ratio; aThe models were adjusted for age of women, education, rurality (urban/rural), religion, region of residence, number of children ever born, and wealth; b‘Yes’ if women reported experiencing at least one of the four IPV forms; cwe assessed this association to allow comparison with previous research that investigated IPV as a combination of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse only i.e. without including partner control; dwe tested the hypothesis that the concentration of behaviours (multiple controlling acts) have a more significant effect than any single behaviour on unintended pregnancy