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Table 2 Intimate partner violence experience and participant characteristics by pregnancy intention, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, 2016

From: The mediation effect of contraceptive use and women’s autonomy on the relationship between intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy in Ethiopia

Variable Class Total weighted sample (n = 2969) Pregnancy intention
Intended (n = 2181) Unintendeda (n = 788) P-Value*
No (%) No (%) No (%)
Physical IPV No 2226 (75.0) 1659 (76.1) 567 (72.0) 0.143
Yes 743 (25.0) 522 (23.9) 221 (28.0)
Sexual IPV No 2615 (88.1) 1959 (89.8) 656 (83.2) 0.001
Yes 354 (11.9) 222 (10.2) 132 (16.8)
Emotional IPV No 2285 (77.0) 1723 (79.0) 562 (71.3) 0.006
Yes 684 (23.0) 458 (21.0) 226 (28.7)
Partner controlling No 1293 (43.6) 979 (44.9) 314 (39.8) 0.114
Yes 1676 (56.4) 1202 (55.1) 474 (60.2)
IPVb No 1909 (64.3) 1454 (66.6) 455 (57.7) 0.004
Yes 1060 (35.7) 727 (33.4) 333 (42.3)
IPV (all)c No 1059 (35.7) 801 (36.7) 257 (32.7) 0.211
Yes 1910 (64.3) 1380 (63.3) 531 (67.3)
Contraception use No 2256 (76.0) 1625 (74.5) 631 (80.1) 0.029
Yes 713 (24.0) 556 (25.5) 157 (19.9)
Decision making autonomy No 1083 (36.5) 727 (33.3) 356 (45.2) <0.001
Yes 1886 (63.5) 1454 (66.7) 432 (54.8)
Current age 15–19 158 (5.3) 120 (5.5) 38 (4.8) 0.007
20–24 548 (18.5) 432 (19.8) 116 (14.7)
25–29 838 (28.2) 642 (29.4) 197 (25.0)
30–34 678 (22.9) 489 (22.4) 189 (24.0)
35–39 472 (15.9) 329 (15.1) 143 (18.2)
40–44 205 (6.9) 131 (6.0) 74 (9.4)
45–49 69 (2.3) 37 (1.7) 32 (4.1)
Educational status No formal education 1866 (62.9) 1372 (62.9) 494 (62.7) 0.536
Primary 813 (27.4) 585 (26.8) 228 (29.0)
Secondary+ 290 (9.8) 224 (10.3) 66 (8.4)
Religion Christian 1812 (61.0) 1335 (61.2) 477 (60.5) 0.730
Muslim 1089 (36.7) 801 (36.7) 289 (36.7)
Other 68 (2.3) 45 (2.1) 22 (2.8)
Rurality Urban 379 (12.8) 287 (13.2) 92 (11.7) 0.475
Rural 2589 (87.2) 1894 (86.8) 696 (88.3)
Region of residence Tigray 198 (6.7) 158 (7.2) 40 (5.1) <0.001¥
Afar 28 (0.9) 25 (1.1) 3 (0.4)
Amhara 666 (22.4) 494 (22.7) 172 (21.9)
Oromia 1222 (41.2) 869 (39.8) 353 (44.8)
Somali 104 (3.5) 101 (4.6) 3 (0.4)
Benishangul 31 (1.0) 26 (1.2) 5 (0.6)
SNNPR 629 (21.2) 444 (20.4) 185 (23.5)
Gambela 8 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
Harari 6 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 1 (0.1)
Addis Ababa 66 (2.2) 45 (2.1) 21 (2.6)
Dire Dawa 12 (0.4) 9 (0.4) 3 (0.4)
Number of children ever born One or less 606 (20.4) 486 (22.3) 120 (15.3) <0.001
Two-three 875 (29.5) 682 (31.2) 193 (24.5)
Four or more 1488 (50.1) 1014 (46.5) 474 (60.2)
Wealth index Poorest 633 (21.3) 476 (21.8) 157 (19.9) 0.181
Poorer 638 (21.5) 449 (20.6) 189 (24.0)
Middle 658 (22.2) 506 (23.2) 152 (19.3)
Richer 550 (18.5) 383 (17.5) 167 (21.2)
Richest 490 (16.5) 367 (16.8) 123 (15.6)
  1. aThe prevalence of unintended pregnancy was 788(26.5% (95%CI: 24.2–28.9%)); *P-value was based on chi-squared test; IPV intimate partner violence; b‘Yes’ if women reported experiencing physical, sexual or emotional abuse; c‘Yes’ if women reported experiencing at least one of the four IPV forms; SNNPR Southern Nations, Nationals and Peoples Region; ¥P-value was based on Fisher’s exact test. All the weighted numbers and percentages are rounded