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Table 2 Crude correlations between behavioral factors and mortality rates in Brazilian capitals and Argentinean provinces

From: Temporal trends in behavioral risk and protective factors and their association with mortality rates: results from Brazil and Argentina

  Brazil Argentina
Overall r
(p-value)
By cancer
r (p-value)
By CVD
r (p-value)
Overall
(p-value)
By cancer
r (p-value)
By CVD
r (p-value)
Overall population Overall population
Risk factors
 Tobacco smoking −0.07 (0.608) 0.22 (0.116) − 0.03 (0.844) − 0.18 (0.222) 0.04 (0.782) − 0.16 (0.264)
 Excessive alcohol consumption −0.18 (0.199) − 0.08 (0.560) − 0.21 (0.134) −0.23 (0.115) − 0.23 (0.120) −0.36 (0.011)
Protective factors
 Consumption of F&V −0.49 (< 0.001) 0.05 (0.732) −0.39 (0.003)
 Physical activity −0.28 (0.037) 0.10 (0.455) −0.29 (0.036) − 0.06 (0.757) −0.06 (0.710) 0.01 (0.964)
  Males Males
Risk factors
 Tobacco smoking −0.05 (0.725) 0.19 (0.167) 0.05 (0.736) −0.27 (0.059) −0.09 (0.545) − 0.31 (0.032)
 Excessive alcohol consumption −0.11 (0.424) − 0.16 (0.243) −0.16 (0.239) − 0.24 (0.106) −0.29 (0.048) − 0.43 (0.002)
Protective factors
 Consumption of F&V −0.42 (0.002) 0.12 (0.380) −0.32 (0.017)
 Physical activity −0.23 (0.089) 0.11 (0.418) −0.26 (0.062) − 0.05 (0.737) −0.12 (0.417) − 0.03 (0.821)
  Females Females
Risk factors
 Tobacco smoking −0.09 (0.510) 0.18 (0.196) −0.13 (0.343) −0.06 (0.704) 0.16 (0.282) 0.00 (0.989)
 Excessive alcohol consumption −0.07 (0.633) 0.05 (0.706) −0.13 (0.334) 0.04 (0.783) 0.09 (0.527) 0.01 (0.972)
Protective factors
Consumption of F&V −0.50 (< 0.001) − 0.06 (0.674) − 0.42 (0.001)
Physical activity −0.28 (0.040) − 0.01 (0.965) −0.29 (0.032) − 0.02 (0.907) 0.04 (0.765) 0.05 (0.761)
  1. CVD cardiovascular diseases, F&V fruits and vegetables, r Pearson’s correlation coefficient
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