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Table 1 Demographic characteristic of participants, and general health and family social capital score in different population groups

From: Family SES, family social capital, and general health in Chinese adults: exploring their relationships and the gender-based differences

  Demographic characteristic General health Family cohesion Health-related family support
  n (%) Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Total   71.66 ± 20.92 74.77 ± 8.32 7.12 ± 2.59
Gender
 Male 1576 (37.6%) 73.60 ± 20.34 75.02 ± 8.13 6.85 ± 2.68
 Female 2611 (62.4%) 70.49 ± 21.18 74.62 ± 8.43 7.23 ± 2.53
   P <0.001 P = 0.136 P <0.001
Age group
 18–30 years old 503 (12.0%) 78.49 ± 16.63 74.84 ± 8.43 6.88 ± 2.40
 31–40 years old 752 (18.0%) 75.66 ± 19.40 76.07 ± 7.60 7.11 ± 2.47
 41–50 years old 1397 (33.3%) 71.39 ± 21.34 74.63 ± 8.26 6.89 ± 2.61
 51–60 years old 1005 (24.0%) 68.07 ± 22.07 74.39 ± 8.70 7.29 ± 2.70
 61 years old and above 530 (12.7%) 67.04 ± 20.63 73.96 ± 8.45 7.63 ± 2.66
   P<0.001 P <0.001 P <0.001
Marital status
 Married/Cohabiting 3829 (91.2%) 71.77 ± 20.90 75.00 ± 8.18 7.14 ± 2.59
 Single/widowed/divorced 367 (8.8%) 70.54 ± 21.03 72.47 ± 9.37 6.92 ± 2.59
   P>0.05 P = 0.005 P <0.001
Household income
 Very poor 611 (14.6%) 65.57 ± 22.67 74.08 ± 8.13 5.80 ± 2.77
 Relatively poor 666 (15.9%) 69.31 ± 23.32 74.12 ± 8.68 6.23 ± 2.75
 Moderate rich 980 (23.4%) 72.87 ± 21.73 75.11 ± 8.41 7.02 ± 2.57
 Relatively rich 996(23.8%) 73.85 ± 19.61 74.63 ± 8.12 7.64 ± 2.26
 Very rich 934(22.3%) 73.73 ± 17.70 75.50 ± 8.19 8.16 ± 2.09
   P <0.001 P = 0.004 P <0.001
Family educational level
 Junior middle school and below 1349 (32.2%) 69.24 ± 22.89 74.51 ± 8.31 6.22 ± 2.86
 High school 1367 (32.6%) 72.23 ± 20.68 74.84 ± 8.54 7.20 ± 2.47
 College school 754 (18.0%) 73.88 ± 19.17 74.90 ± 8.31 7.76 ± 2.21
 Undergraduate and above 717 (17.2%) 72.81 ± 18.70 75.00 ± 7.91 7.98 ± 2.13
   P <0.001 P = 0.653 P <0.001
Family occupational status
 Peasant class 1978 (47.2%) 69.84 ± 22.09 75.00 ± 8.24 6.46 ± 2.76
 Petty bourgeoisie class 556 (13.3%) 73.62 ± 21.67 74.59 ± 8.70 7.09 ± 2.45
 Professional class 1185 (28.3%) 73.27 ± 19.28 74.34 ± 8.18 7.80 ± 2.12
 Upper class 468 (11.2%) 73.00 ± 20.92 75.12 ± 8.52 8.20 ± 2.30
   P <0.001 P = 0.174 P <0.001
Family SES#
 Low 1583 (37.8%) 68.74 ± 22.81 74.67 ± 8.31 6.13 ± 2.79
 Middle 1304 (31.1%) 73.36 ± 20.85 74.81 ± 8.65 7.31 ± 2.39
 High 1300 (31.1%) 73.51 ± 17.99 74.86 ± 8.01 8.13 ± 2.06
   P <0.001 P = 0.808 P <0.001
  1. #: Family SES was determined based on household income, educational level, and occupational status by using principle component analysis