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Table 2 Multiple Regression Models for Adherence Intention Associated with Attitude Toward ART (N = 150)

From: Impact of attitudes and beliefs on antiretroviral treatment adherence intention among HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia

Characteristics Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Attitude toward ART
 Positive Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Negative 0.73 (0.65–0.80) ** 0.74 (0.68–0.81) ** 0.73 (0.66–0.81) ** 0.74 (0.67–0.82)**
District
 Urban   Referent Referent Referent
 Rural   0.84 (0.77–0.92) ** 0.85 (0.76–0.95)** 0.86 (0.77–0.96)*
Age
 18–25    Referent Referent
 26–30    0.84 (0.74–0.95)* 0.85 (0.74–0.96)*
 31–35    0.88 (0.76–1.02) 0.90 (0.77–1.04)
 36–44    0.93 (0.80–1.09) 0.94 (0.80–1.10)
Living arrangement
 Married living with partner    Referent Referent
 Married, not living with partner    0.93 (0.79–1.10) 0.95 (0.80–1.12)
Educational status
 College/Higher    Referent Referent
 Primary or no formal education    0.94 (0.76–1.16) 0.97 (0.79–1.20)
 Secondary    0.92 (0.75–1.12) 0.94 (0.77–1.16)
Occupation
 Employed    Referent Referent
 Housewife    0.98 (0.86–1.11) 1.00 (0.87–1.13)
 Informal labor    0.98 (0.85–1.14) 1.00 (0.86–1.16)
Household monthly Income
 $200+    Referent Referent
  < $200    0.91 (0.78–1.05) 0.92 (0.79–1.07)
HIV and MTCT knowledge
 High     Referent
 Low     0.90 (0.80–1.00)*
  1. *p value ≤0.05
  2. **p value < 0.01