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Table 1 Adherence Intention to ART in Childbearing Women in Zambia (N = 150)

From: Impact of attitudes and beliefs on antiretroviral treatment adherence intention among HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia

Characteristics Weak Intention
n (%)
Strong Intention
n (%)
Chi-square
P value
Place of residence    0.01
 Urban 28 (38) 53 (69)  
 Rural 45 (62) 24 (31)  
Age, years    0.15
 18–25 11 (15) 23 (30)  
 26–30 33 (45) 25 (32)  
 31–35 17 (23) 17 (22)  
 36–44 12 (16) 12 (16)  
Living arrangement    0.35
 Married not living with partner 9 (12) 6 (8)  
 Married, living with partner 64 (88) 71 (92)  
Educational status    0.44
 Primary or no formal education 44 (60) 39 (51)  
 Secondary 25 (32) 31 (40)  
 College/Higher 4 (5) 7 (9)  
Occupation    0.35
 Employed 16 (22) 25 (32)  
 Housewife 36 (49) 33 (43)  
 Informal labor 21 (29) 19 (25)  
Household monthly income    0.04
 < $200 66 (90) 59 (77)  
 $200 + 7 (10) 18 (23)  
Attitude    < 0.001
 Negative 50 (69) 17 (22)  
 Positive 23 (31) 60 (78)  
Behavioral Beliefs    0.01
 Negative 46 (63) 29 (38)  
 Positive 27 (37) 48 (62)  
HIV and MTCT knowledge    0.01
 Low 64 (88) 48 (62)  
 High 9 (12) 29 (38)