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Table 2 The incident cases and age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of diabetes mellitus in 1990 and 2017, and its temporal trends from 1990 to 2017

From: Trends in the incidence of diabetes mellitus: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 and implications for diabetes mellitus prevention

Characteristics 1990 2017 1990–2017
Incident cases ASIR per 100,000 Incident cases ASIR per 100,000 EAPC(%)a
No. × 103 (95% UI) No.(95% UI) No. × 103 (95% UI) No.(95% UI) No.(95% CI)
Overall 11,303 (10582–12,102) 234 (219–249) 22,936 (21083–25,041) 285 (262–310) 0.87 (0.79–0.96)
Sex
 Male 5791 (5407–6214) 240 (225–256) 11,770 (10839–12,850) 295 (273–321) 0.89 (0.81–0.99)
 Female 5512 (5162–5886) 227 (213–243) 11,166 (10244–12,217) 274 (252–299) 0.85 (0.77–0.94)
Tape
 Diabetes mellitus type 1 291 (263–323) 5 (5–6) 400 (362–442) 5 (5–6) 0.34 (0.30–0.39)
 Diabetes mellitus type 2 11,013 (10283–11,811) 229 (214–244) 22,535 (20694–24,627) 279 (257–304) 0.89 (0.80–0.97)
Socio-demographic index
 Low 1102 (1019–1195) 227 (209–245) 2796 (2560–3054) 284 (259–311) 0.79 (0.71–0.88)
 Low-middle 1901 (1759–2056) 234 (217–253) 4618 (4228–5032) 304 (278–332) 0.99 (0.92–1.07)
 Middle 3049 (2834–3299) 225 (209–242) 6615 (6062–7248) 286 (262–311) 0.94 (0.85–1.02)
 Middle-high 2544 (2365–2743) 234 (218–251) 4331 (3960–4766) 260 (239–284) 0.63 (0.48–0.78)
 High 2661 (2511–2814) 234 (221–247) 4500 (4146–4910) 286 (265–310) 1.05 (0.92–1.17)
Region
 Asia Pacific–high income 443 (411–479) 221 (206–237) 611 (549–679) 230 (209–254) 0.29 (0.10–0.48)
 Central Asia 181 (169–195) 310 (288–332) 350 (320–387) 376 (345–413) 0.81 (0.73–0.89)
 East Asia 2262 (2067–2479) 180 (165–198) 3573 (3244–3984 202 (185–222) 0.82 (0.49–1.14)
 South Asia 1824 (1677–1989) 212 (195–230) 4724 (4308–5182) 286 (260–313) 1.13 (0.97–1.29)
 Southeast Asia 1090 (1014–1177) 285 (265–306) 2636 (2411–2889) 382 (350–417) 1.03 (0.94–1.13)
 Australasia 50 (46–54) 220 (204–236) 79 (71–87) 209 (190–229) −0.05(−0.17–0.07)
 Caribbean 96 (91–102) 306 (290–323) 168 (155–183) 340 (314–369) 0.30 (0.27–0.33)
 Central Europe 362 (339–389) 256 (240–273) 472 (428–516) 305 (280–333) 0.68 (0.63–0.72)
 Eastern Europe 614 (565–662) 233 (215–251) 700 (630–776) 248 (226–273) 0.25 (0.21–0.29)
 Western Europe 1174 (1093–1243) 236 (221–250) 1862 (1698–2055) 298 (273–326) 0.82 (0.78–0.86)
 Andean Latin America 59 (55–62) 202 (190–215) 147 (135–160) 250 (230–273) 0.81 (0.77–0.84)
 Central Latin America 434 (408–463) 341 (321–362) 978 (902–1064) 380 (351–413) 0.19 (0.08–0.30)
 Southern Latin America 142 (132–151) 295 (274–314) 244 (221–267) 330 (301–361) 0.47 (0.43–0.52)
 Tropical Latin America 272 (254–291) 217 (203–233) 494 (452–544) 206 (188–226) −0.30(−0.40– −0.19)
 North Africa and Middle East 733 (680–794) 291 (269–315) 2164 (1980–2370) 384 (351–420) 1.09 (1.03–1.15)
 North America high-income 722 (676–772) 235 (219–251) 1518 (1402–1639) 317 (295–340) 1.98 (1.64–2.31)
 Oceania 28 (26–30) 536 (501–579) 74 (68–81) 655 (604–712) 0.68 (0.56–0.80)
 Central Sub-Saharan Africa 139 (128–151) 381 (352–413) 384 (353–423) 452 (413–494) 0.64 (0.60–0.68)
 Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa 314 (291–339) 271 (251–291) 726 (664–797) 290 (264–317) 0.25 (0.23–0.27)
 Southern Sub-Saharan Africa 127 (118–138) 329 (305–356) 311 (285–340) 453 (416–495) 1.33 (1.18–1.47)
 Western Sub-Saharan Africa 237 (219–258) 184 (169–200) 721 (661–795) 251 (227–274) 1.14 (1.10–1.19)
  1. ASIR age-standardized incidence rate, CI confidence interval, EAPC estimated annual percentage change, UI uncertainty interval
  2. aThe ASIR was deemed to be in an increasing trend if the EAPC and the lower boundary of its 95% CI were both > 0%;the ASIR was in a decreasing trend if the EAPC estimation and the upper boundary of its 95% CI were both < 0%; otherwise, the ASIR was deemed to be uncertain over time