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Table 4 Odds ratios of COVID-19 outcomes comparing non-Kuwaitis to Kuwaitis

From: COVID-19 clinical outcomes and nationality: results from a Nationwide registry in Kuwait

  Odds Ratio Lower CI Upper CI p-value
ICU Admission
 Model 1 2.434 1.161 5.557 0.025
 Model 2 1.926 0.856 4.723 0.131
 Model 3 1.930 0.770 5.483 0.186
Death
 Model 1 3.463 1.463 9.082 0.007
 Model 2 2.190 0.884 6.019 0.108
 Model 3 1.627 0.535 5.915 0.422
Composite Outcome (Death or ICU)
 Model 1 3.099 1.693 5.972 < 0.001
 Model 2 2.143 1.117 4.316 0.027
 Model 3 1.902 0.882 4.412 0.116
ARDS
 Model 1 3.297 1.752 6.552 < 0.001
 Model 2 2.439 1.229 5.091 0.014
 Model 3 1.899 0.850 4.592 0.134
Pneumonia
 Model 1 2.626 1.556 4.593 < 0.001
 Model 2 2.241 1.265 4.108 0.007
 Model 3 1.456 0.756 2.918 0.274
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age, smoking and comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, asthma and cancer
  2. Model 2: adjusted for variables in Model 1 plus gender; Model 3: adjusted for variables in Model 2 plus BMI