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Table 4 Linear regression results of precautionary measures during the past 14 day associated with the psychological impact of the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak measured with DASS-Subscales and the IES-R

From: Psychological correlates of COVID-19 pandemic in the Austrian population

Variables M (SD) Stress Anxiety Depression Impact of Event
R2 B (95% CI) p R2 B (95% CI) p R2 B (95% CI) p R2 B (95% CI) p
Covering mouth while coughing or sneezing
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 4.02 (1.23) 0.002 0.35 ± 0.27 .011 0.002 0.32 ± 0.21 .002 0.000 0.02 ± 0.26 .90 0.008 1.77 ± 0.60 <.001
Avoiding sharing utensils
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 3.62 (1.49) 0.000 0.16 ± 0.22 .15 0.001 0.14 ± 0.17 .10 0.000 0.12 ± 0.21 .26 0.000 0.26 ± 0.49 .30
Thorough hand washing
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 4.72 (0.54) 0.000 0.19 ± 0.61 .54 0.001 0.38 ± 0.47 .11 0.001 −0.62 ± 0.58 .036 0.004 2.89 ± 1.36 <.001
Washing hands immediately after coughing or sneezing
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 3.78 (1.18) 0.000 0.19 ± 0.28 .19 0.004 0.43 ± 0.22 <.001 0.000 −0.19 ± 0.27 .17 0.009 1.96 ± 0.62 <.001
Wearing a face mask
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 1.30 (0.79) 0.003 0.74 ± 0.42 <.001 0.006 0.83 ± 0.32 <.001 0.001 0.36 ± 0.40 .08 0.006 2.28 ± 0.92 <.001
Wearing gloves while shopping
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 1.98 (1.50) 0.007 0.61 ± 0.22 <.001 0.013 0.63 ± 0.17 <.001 0.004 0.46 ± 0.21 <.001 0.017 2.11 ± 0.48 <.001
Washing hands after contact with potentially infectious objects
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 4.28 (1.07) 0.003 0.56 ± 0.31 <.001 0.005 0.53 ± 0.24 <.001 0.000 0.20 ± 0.29 .18 0.010 2.25 ± 0.68 <.001
Physical activity
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 3.19 (1.41) 0.014 −0.90 ± 0.23 <.001 0.012 −0.65 ± 0.18 <.001 0.015 −0.89 ± 0.22 <.001 0.008 −1.50 ± 0.52 <.001
Feeling that too much unnecessary worry has been made
5-point Likert scale (1 = never to 5 = always; continuous) 2.44 (1.07) 0.014 0.81 ± 0.31 <.001 0.017 0.51 ± 0.24 <.001 0.019 0.90 ± 0.29 <.001 0.008 1.16 ± 0.68 <.001
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