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Table 3 Cognitive function data across the exercise and control trials, for the high- and low-fitness groups, as well as the group overall. Data are mean ± SD

From: Effect of football activity and physical fitness on information processing, inhibitory control and working memory in adolescents

Test Level Variable Group Control Trial Exercise Trial
     Pre-rest Immediately post-rest 45 min post-rest 90 min post-rest Pre-exercise Immediately post-exercise 45 min post-exercise 90 min post-exercise
Stroop Simple Response Time (ms) Low-fit 857 ± 192 812 ± 179 753 ± 136 756 ± 144 828 ± 172 755 ± 161 807 ± 152 785 ± 175
    High-fit 772 ± 170 717 ± 141 723 ± 150 712 ± 149 746 ± 145 712 ± 78 684 ± 85 695 ± 134
    Overall 815 ± 185 764 ± 165 738 ± 141 734 ± 145 787 ± 161 733 ± 127 745 ± 139 740 ± 161
   Accuracy (%) Low-fit 99.7 ± 1.2 95.8 ± 7.7 94.2 ± 8.4 94.7 ± 9.0 99.4 ± 1.6 96.9 ± 4.2 97.8 ± 3.1 96.7 ± 5.4
    High-fit 97.2 ± 4.0 97.8 ± 3.6 95.8 ± 5.9 96.1 ± 4.4 98.9 ± 2.6 97.8 ± 3.1 95.8 ± 6.3 95.0 ± 5.9
    Overall 98.5 ± 3.1 96.8 ± 6.0 95.0 ± 7.2 95.4 ± 7.0 99.2 ± 2.2 97.4 ± 3.7 96.8 ± 5.0 95.8 ± 5.5
  Complex Response Time (ms) Low-fit 1130 ± 232 1074 ± 236 1059 ± 219 1017 ± 285 1168 ± 226 1094 ± 291 1089 ± 242 1042 ± 223
    High-fit 1037 ± 253 939 ± 192 954 ± 202 973 ± 235 957 ± 202 950 ± 206 920 ± 185 953 ± 193
    Overall 1084 ± 243 1006 ± 224 1007 ± 216 995 ± 257 1062 ± 237 1022 ± 260 1005 ± 231 997 ± 214
   Accuracy (%) Low-fit 96.1 ± 5.4 94.9 ± 6.7 92.7 ± 10.5 92.9 ± 10.0 96.7 ± 4.3 91.4 ± 13.5 95.3 ± 4.9 93.6 ± 11.2
    High-fit 96.3 ± 4.0 94.9 ± 4.6 94.2 ± 5.4 95.1 ± 5.0 96.3 ± 3.9 94.9 ± 5.2 93.6 ± 5.7 91.8 ± 5.4
    Overall 96.2 ± 4.6 94.9 ± 5.6 92.9 ± 8.3 94.0 ± 7.8 96.5 ± 4.0 93.1 ± 10.2 94.4 ± 5.2 92.7 ± 8.7
Sternberg One item Response Time (ms) Low-fit 588 ± 164 520 ± 102 531 ± 110 480 ± 118 533 ± 135 502 ± 83 538 ± 135 535 ± 120
    High-fit 516 ± 97 486 ± 87 507 ± 120 482 ± 76 517 ± 111 473 ± 56 476 ± 85 508 ± 91
    Overall 552 ± 138 503 ± 95 519 ± 114 481 ± 98 525 ± 122 488 ± 71 507 ± 115 521 ± 106
   Accuracy (%) Low-fit 96.5 ± 5.3 97.9 ± 4.3 95.8 ± 5.3 94.8 ± 9.9 96.2 ± 5.3 94.8 ± 7.5 95.5 ± 5.6 93.8 ± 10.9
    High-fit 97.6 ± 3.1 97.2 ± 4.9 96.9 ± 4.4 97.2 ± 4.4 97.9 ± 3.7 97.2 ± 4.4 97.2 ± 3.8 95.8 ± 5.3
    Overall 97.0 ± 4.4 97.6 ± 4.6 96.4 ± 4.8 96.0 ± 7.6 97.0 ± 4.6 96.0 ± 6.2 96.4 ± 4.8 94.8 ± 8.5
  Three item Response Time (ms) Low-fit 743 ± 185 718 ± 157 691 ± 185 697 ± 153 696 ± 118 705 ± 158 698 ± 146 674 ± 186
    High-fit 660 ± 149 621 ± 113 597 ± 100 613 ± 85 628 ± 111 631 ± 123 606 ± 98 672 ± 128
    Overall 701 ± 171 670 ± 144 644 ± 154 655 ± 129 662 ± 118 668 ± 145 652 ± 131 673 ± 157
   Accuracy (%) Low-fit 97.1 ± 3.5 96.0 ± 5.1 93.2 ± 8.0 92.9 ± 10.0 96.2 ± 5.1 95.7 ± 6.1 95.8 ± 5.1 95.1 ± 5.1
    High-fit 97.2 ± 2.6 96.2 ± 4.7 95.3 ± 5.4 95.0 ± 4.9 95.3 ± 6.0 95.3 ± 3.8 95.7 ± 4.6 94.8 ± 5.7
    Overall 97.1 ± 3.0 96.1 ± 4.9 94.3 ± 6.8 93.9 ± 7.9 95.7 ± 5.5 95.5 ± 5.0 95.7 ± 4.8 95.0 ± 5.3
  Five item Response Time (ms) Low-fit 926 ± 205 802 ± 222 762 ± 259 787 ± 182 887 ± 172 878 ± 215 794 ± 189 838 ± 181
    High-fit 799 ± 175 813 ± 194 701 ± 154 745 ± 146 771 ± 128 741 ± 125 727 ± 118 794 ± 147
    Overall 863 ± 199 807 ± 206 732 ± 213 766 ± 164 829 ± 161 810 ± 187 761 ± 159 816 ± 164
   Accuracy (%) Low-fit 93.8 ± 6.5 89.4 ± 11.9 86.8 ± 16.5 90.5 ± 13.9 91.8 ± 9.5 89.8 ± 9.2 88.7 ± 13.4 86.8 ± 12.8
    High-fit 94.1 ± 6.9 93.2 ± 6.5 92.2 ± 6.7 93.1 ± 7.3 93.2 ± 7.1 94.3 ± 5.8 92.7 ± 6.8 91.7 ± 6.8
    Overall 92.5 ± 8.3 92.0 ± 7.9 90.7 ± 10.6 89.2 ± 10.4 92.5 ± 8.3 92.0 ± 7.9 90.7 ± 10.6 89.2 ± 10.4