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Table 2 Demographic Mental Health and Substance Use Characteristics of Severe Pain Among PLHIV N = 733

From: Factors associated with current and severe pain among people living with HIV: results from a statewide sample

Characteristics Non-Severe Pain
N = 615 (83.9%)
Severe Pain
N = 118 (16.1%)
Unadjusted Odds Ratio P Value
Age in Years     0.03
 18–49 (n = 426) 368 (86.4) 58 (13.6) ref  
  ≥ 50 (n = 307) 247 (80.6) 60 (19.5) 1.54 (1.04, 2.29)  
Sex     < 0.01
 Male (n = 500) 435 (87.0) 65 (13.0) ref  
 Female (n = 233) 180 (77.3) 53 (22.6) 1.97 (1.32, 2.95)  
Race/ethnicity     < 0.01
 Non-Hispanic Black (n = 403) 324 (80.4) 79 (19.6) ref  
 Non-Hispanic White (n = 157) 139 (88.5) 18 (11.5) 0.53 (0.31, 0.92)  
 Hispanic (n = 143) 128 (21.7) 15 (13.4) 0.48 (0.27, 0.87)  
Employment     < 0.01
 Employed (n = 188) 174 (92.6) 14 (7.4) ref  
 Unemployed (n = 529) 427 (80.7) 102 (19.3) 2.97 (1.65, 5.33)  
Anxiety (GAD-7)     < 0.01
 No (< 10) (n = 493) 441 (89.5) 52 (10.5) ref  
 Yes (≥10) (n = 219) 159 (72.6) 60 (27.4) 3.20 (2.12, 4.83)  
Depression (PHQ-8)     < 0.01
 No (< 10) (n = 492) 439 (89.2) 53 (10.8) Ref  
 Yes (≥10) (n = 229) 168 (73.4) 61 (26.6) 3.01 (2.00, 4.53)  
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PC-PTSD)     < 0.01
 No (n = 511) 452 (88.5) 59 (11.5) ref  
 Yes (n = 202) 147 (72.8) 55 (27.2) 2.87 (1.90, 4.73)  
Marijuana Use     0.10
 No (n = 466) 400 (85.8) 66 (14.2) ref  
 Recreational use (n = 147) 122 (83.0) 25 (17.0) 1.24 (0.75, 2.05)  
 Therapeutic use (n = 104) 81 (77.9) 23 (22.1) 1.72 (1.01, 2.93)  
Alcohol Consumption   0.31
 No Drinking (n = 192) 165 (85.9) 27 (14.1) ref  
 Non-Hazardous Drinking (n = 257) 219 (85.2) 38 (14.8) 1.06 (0.62, 1.81)  
 Hazardous Drinking (n = 255) 207 (81.2) 48 (18.8) 1.42 (0.85, 2.37)  
Lifetime Injection drug use     0.62
 No (n = 611) 514 (84.1) 97 (15.9) ref  
 Yes (n = 101) 83 (82.2) 18 (17.8) 1.15 (0.66, 2.00)  
Lifetime Crack/Cocaine
 No (n = 625) 524 (83.8) 101 (16.2) Ref 0.90
 Yes (n = 101) 85 (83.3) 17 (16.7) 1.04 (0.59, 1.82)