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Table 4 Clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors and their socio-demographic correlates among patients with TB (n = 221)

From: Cardiometabolic risk factors among patients with tuberculosis attending tuberculosis treatment centers in Nepal

  Overweight/obesity Tobacco Alcohol Diabetes Hypertension ≥1 risk factors
Variables n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
Totala 27 (12.2) 33 (14.9) 24 (10.9) 14 (6.3) 40 (18.1) 97 (43.1)
Male
Age
  Less than 20 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  20–39 6 (31.6) 7 (23.3) 7 (35.0) 1 (8.3) 7 (25.9) 22 (28.9)
  40–59 12 (63.1) 14 (46.7) 5 (25.0) 3 (25.0) 14 (51.9) 32 (42.2)
  60 and above 1 (5.3) 9 (30.0) 8 (40.0) 8 (66.7) 6 (22.2) 22 (28.9)
Ethnicity
  Janajati 8 (42.1) 8 (26.7) 6 (30.0) 6 (50.0) 8 (29.6) 27 (35.6)
  Brahmin/Chhetri 6 (31.6) 12 (40.0) 6 (30.0) 3 (25.0) 8 (29.6) 27 (35.6)
  Dalit 3 (15.8) 6 (20.0) 6 (30.0) 2 (16.7) 9 (33.3) 15 (19.7)
  Others 2 (10.5) 3 (13.3) 2 (10.0) 1 (8.3) 2 (7.5) 7 (9.1)
Education level
  Illiterate 2 (10.5) 15 (50.0) 13 (65.0) 6 (50.0) 11 (40.7) 28 (36.8)
  Informal 6 (31.6) 6 (20.0) 1 (5.0) 2 (16.7) 7 (25.9) 15 (19.7)
  Primary 3 (15.7) 4 (13.3) 1 (5.0) 1 (8.3) 1 (3.8) 10 (13.2)
  Secondary 4 (21.1) 4 (13.3) 5 (25.0) 2 (16.7) 5 (18.5) 14 (18.4)
  Higher secondary and above 4 (21.1) 1 (3.4) 0 (0) 1 (8.3) 3 (11.1) 9 (11.9)
Occupation
  Agriculture 7 (36.8) 17 (56.7) 13 (65.0) 10 (83.4) 12 (44.4) 41 (53.9)
  Unskilled manual 5 (26.3) 5 (16.7) 4 (20.0) 1 (8.3) 6 (22.2) 15 (19.8)
  Skilled manual 4 (21.1) 4 (13.3) 1 (5.0) 1 (8.3) 5 (18.6) 11 (14.5)
  Sales and services 3 (15.8) 4 (13.3) 2 (10.0) 0 (0) 4 (14.8) 9 (11.8)
Province
  One 5 (26.3) 7 (23.3) 4 (20.0) 1 (8.3) 9 (33.3) 16 (21.1)
  Three and Five 1 (5.3) 7 (23.3) 7 (35.0) 2 (16.7) 3 (11.1) 13 (17.1)
  Gandaki 8 (42.1) 4 (13.3) 1 (5.0) 1 (8.3) 6 (22.3) 14 (18.4)
  Sudurpaschim 5 (26.3) 12 (40.1) 8 (40.0) 8 (66.7) 9 (33.3) 33 (43.4)
Male totala 19 (11.9) 30 (18.9) 20 (12.6) 12 (7.5) 27 (17.0) 76 (47.8)
Female
Age
  Less than 20 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  20–39 5 (62.5) 0 (0) 1 (25.0) 0 (0) 4 (30.8) 7 (33.3)
  40–59 2 (25.0) 3 (100.0) 2 (50.0) 1 (50.0) 6 (46.1) 10 (47.6)
  60 and above 1 (12.5) 0 (0) 1 (25.0) 1 (50.0) 3 (23.1) 4 (19.1)
Ethnicity
  Janajati 5 (62.5) 1 (33.3) 2 (50.0) 1 (50.0) 7 (53.8) 10 (47.6)
  Brahmin/Chhetri 2 (25.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (23.1) 5 (23.8)
  Dalit 1 (12.5) 2 (66.7) 2 (50.0) 1 (50.0) 3 (23.1) 6 (28.6)
  Others 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Education level
  Illiterate 2 (25.0) 3 (100) 4 (100.0) 2 (100.0) 6 (46.2) 12 (57.2)
  Informal 2 (25.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (30.8) 4 (19.0)
  Primary 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  Secondary 3 (37.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (23.0) 4 (19.0)
  Higher secondary and above 1 (12.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (4.8)
Occupation
  Agriculture 4 (50.0) 2 (66.7) 3 (75.0) 1 (50.0) 11 (84.6) 13 (61.8)
  Unskilled manual 3 (37.5) 1 (33.3) 1 (25.0) 1 (50.0) 1 (7.7) 6 (28.6)
  Skilled manual 1 (12.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (4.8)
  Sales and services 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (7.7) 1 (4.8)
Provinces
  One 4 (50.0) 2 (66.7) 3 (75.0) 0 (0) 5 (38.5) 9 (42.9)
  Three and Five 2 (25.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (50.0) 1 (7.7) 3 (14.3)
  Gandaki 1 (12.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (5.3) 2 (9.5)
  Sudurpaschim 1 (12.5) 1 (33.3) 1 (25.0) 1 (50.0) 5 (38.5) 7 (33.3)
Female totala 8 (12.9) 3 (4.8) 4 (6.5) 2 (3.2) 13 (21.0) 21 (33.9)
  1. atotal n(%) of having individual with ≥1 risk factors with and without disaggregation by sex