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Table 2 Wealth based inequalities in prevalence and management of hypertension in India and Nepal, 2016

From: Inequalities and risk factors analysis in prevalence and management of hypertension in India and Nepal: a national and subnational study

Categorization Mean SII (95% CI) RII (95% CI) CIX*100 (95% CI)
Q1 (95% CI) Q5 (95% CI)
India
Prevalence (national) 9.4 (9.3–9.6) 13.4 (13.2–13.5) 5.22 (4.77–5.67) 1.53 (1.48–1.59) 7.28 (6.75–7.81)
 Urban 10.4 (9.7–11.1) 13.1 (13.0–13.3) 2.63 (1.74–3.52) 1.22 (1.14–1.30) 3.79 (2.71–4.88)
 Rural 9.4 (9.2–9.5) 14.0 (13.7–14.3) 4.71 (4.27–5.15) 1.50 (1.45–1.56) 6.21 (5.67–6.75)
Awareness (national) 19.2 (18.5–19.9) 37.7 (37.0–38.3) 20.25 (18.47–22.03) 1.95 (1.84–2.07) 11.91 (11.08–12.74)
 Urban 19.1 (16.2–21.9) 37.9 (37.1–38.6) 12.20 (8.77–15.64) 1.42 (1.28–1.56) 8.43 (6.73–10.12)
 Rural 19.2 (18.5–19.9) 37.1 (35.9–38.3) 18.82 (16.90–20.75) 1.98 (1.84–2.12) 10.48 (9.62–11.34)
Treatment (national) 20.8 (20.1–21.5) 31.2 (30.6–31.8) 11.68 (10.01–13.35) 1.55 (1.45–1.64) 7.25 (6.33–8.18)
 Urban 18.0 (15.2–20.7) 31.9 (31.2–32.6) 11.24 (8.08–14.40) 1.47 (1.31–1.63) 6.29 (4.47–8.12)
 Rural 21.0 (20.3–21.7) 29.5 (28.3–30.6) 8.88 (7.02–10.74) 1.42 (1.32–1.52) 5.37 (4.41–6.34)
Control (national) 16.0 (15.4–16.7) 19.9 (19.4–20.4) 6.24 (3.39–9.08) 1.39 (1.18–1.59) 3.53 (2.32–4.74)
 Urban 14.8 (13.4–16.2) 18.0 (16.3–19.7) 1.56 (−16.60–19.72) 1.09 (0.00–2.18) 4.73 (2.42–7.04)
 Rural 19.6 (18.1–21.1) 17.8 (17.1–18.5) 6.80 (−1.05–14.65) 1.47 (0.82–2.12) 1.92 (0.65–3.18)
Nepal
Prevalence (national) 26.8 (22.8–30.9) 51.7 (48.1–55.4) 28.92 (21.27–36.57) 2.10 (1.67–2.52) 11.44 (8.48–14.40)
 Urban 30.7 (25.4–36.0) 54.1 (49.8–58.4) 28.14 (18.12–38.15) 1.97 (1.48–2.45) 11.631 (7.87–15.39)
 Rural 20.3 (14.3–26.4) 46.3 (39.7–52.9) 28.91 (17.27–40.56) 2.32 (1.51–3.12) 12.037 (7.51–16.57)
Awareness (national) 9.3 (6.7–12.0) 33.1 (29.7–36.5) 30.24 (23.39–37.08) 4.57 (3.00–6.13) 23.29 (18.41–28.17)
 Urban 12.3 (8.5–16.0) 35.4 (31.3–39.5) 30.28 (21.25–39.32) 3.86 (2.28–5.43) 23.40 (16.94–29.85)
 Rural 4.5 (1.4–7.5) 27.8 (21.9–33.7) 27.09 (16.97–37.21) 5.79 (2.29–9.28) 21.09 (14.21–27.97)
Treatment (national) 4.2 (2.4–6.0) 17.7 (14.9–20.5) 18.32 (12.96–23.69) 5.33 (2.96–7.70) 27.41 (19.89–34.93)
 Urban 4.7 (2.2–7.1) 19.5 (16.1–22.9) 20.01 (13.17–26.85) 5.27 (2.45–8.09) 29.86 (19.87–39.85)
 Rural 3.4 (0.7–6.1) 13.5 (9.0–18.0) 13.97 (5.51–22.44) 4.81 (1.03–8.60) 19.90 (9.88–29.92)
Control (national) 14.3 (14.1–14.5) 9.4 (9.2–9.6) −6.96 (−7.39– −6.52) 0.57 (0.54–0.59) −9.26 (−9.78– −8.74)
 Urban 17.3 (16.9–17.7) 10.1 (9.9–10.4) −8.56 (−9.50– −7.62) 0.53 (0.49–0.56) −10.30 (−11.41– −9.19)
 Rural 13.6 (13.4–13.7) 8.3 (8.0–8.6) −7.73 (− 8.17– − 7.29) 0.51 (0.49–0.53) − 10.70 (− 11.24– −10.16)