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Table 2 Knowledge of cause and route of transmission of EVD

From: Ebola virus disease in the eyes of a rural, agrarian community in Western Nigeria: a mixed method study

Variable Frequency (%)
Cause of EVD (n = 407)
 Dirty environment 140 (34.4)
 Germs (Virus) 64 (15.7)
 Our sins 24 (6.0)
 Bush meats 21 (5.1)
 Witches and wizards 13 (3.1)
 Curses 11 (2.8)
 Don’t know 134 (32.9)
Means of transmission of EVD (multiple responses)
 By eating improperly cooked bush meat 159 (39.1)
 By direct contact with non-human primates e.g. monkeys, bats 150 (36.9)
 Through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person 111 (27.3)
 By direct contact with blood and body fluids of infected person 98 (24.1)
 Through mosquito bite 65 (16.0)
 By direct contact with asymptomatic carrier 60 (14.7)
 By direct contact with infected objects 54 (13.3)
 Through air 41 (10.1)
 By eating food from canteen 41 (10.1)
Symptoms of EVD (multiple responses)
 Fever 142 (34.9)
 Vomiting 118 (29.0)
 Headache 114 (28.0)
 Body weakness 83 (20.4)
 Diarrhea 80 (19.7)
 Body rashes 73 (17.9)
 Joint and muscle ache 71 (17.4)
 Internal / external bleeding 71 (17.4)
 Sore throat 62 (15.2)
 Abdominal pain 62 (15.2)
 Don’t know 151 (37.1)