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Table 2 Multivariable regression analysis

From: Hypertension and diabetes in Zanzibar – prevalence and access to care

  Hypertension   Diabetes  
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Sex
 Male 1.0    1.0   
 Female 0.9 (0.63, 1.29) 0.570 1.0 (0.55, 1.85) 0.985
Age
 24–34 years 1.0    1.0   
 35–49 years 2.1 (1.43, 3.08) < 0.001 3.2 (1.33, 7.69) 0.009
 50–64 years 7.7 (4.93, 12.02) < 0.001 14.0 (6.05, 32.65) < 0.001
Residence
 Rural 1.0    1.0   
 Urban 0.8 (0.57, 1.10) 0.167 1.4 (0.80, 2.41) 0.247
Education
 No formal education 1.0    1.0   
 Some primary/secondary school 0.6 (0.44, 0.89) 0.008 1.6 (0.82, 2.66) 0.174
 Secondary school or above complete 0.8 (0.54, 1.22) 0.306 2.0 (0.98, 4.19) 0.058
Employment
 No formal or self employment 1.0    1.0   
 Self employed 0.9 (0.63, 1.22) 0.422 1.7 (0.85, 3.26) 0.139
 Formally employed 0.8 (0.52, 1.31) 0.414 1.3 (0.58, 2.76) 0.563
Tobacco use
 Never smoked 1.0    1.0   
 Former smoker 1.5 (0.73, 2.87) 0.288 0.8 (0.32, 2.14) 0.692
 Current smoker 0.7 (0.40, 1.17) 0.168 0.9 (0.37, 2.34) 0.881
BMI
 Normal or underweight 1.0    1.0   
 Overweight 1.3 (0.94, 1.91) 0.111 1.9 (0.99, 3.49) 0.056
 Obese 3.1 (2.12–4.44) < 0.001 2.1 (1.00, 4.37) 0.051
Fasting blood glucose
 Normal fasting blood glucose 1.0      
 Raised fasting blood glucose 2.4 (1.34, 4.22) 0.003
Total cholesterol
 Normal cholesterol 1.0      
 High cholesterol 1.4 (0.80, 2.35) 0.251 2.0 (0.89, 4.43) 0.091
Sedentary time
 Sedentary for less than 3 h/day 1.0      
 Sedentary for at least 3 h/day 1.0 (0.76, 1.39) 0.854 0.6 (0.36, 1.09) 0.099
Mental illness
 No signs of mental illness 1.0      
 Mental illness present 1.6 (0.83, 3.18) 0.155 1.7 (0.64, 4.46) 0.290
  1. Estimated Odds Ratios for relationship between independent variables and having hypertension or having diabetes, among total surveyed population, weighted using survey population weights (unweighted n = 2146)