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Table 3 Descriptive Statistics and t-tests Comparing the Duration (in minutes) of Specific Types of Sedentary Behaviors Performed by Children on the Previous Day During the Early-COVID-19 period (April–May 2020) by Sex and Age

From: Early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity and sedentary behavior in children living in the U.S.

   Child Sex Child Age Group
Overall Male Female    5–8 yr 9–13 yr   
Types of Sedentary Behavior M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) t p M (SD) M (SD) T p
Watching television/videos/movies 104.8 (75.0) 95.7 (68.7) 113.0 (79.6) −1.42 .456 96.7 (70.0) 114.9 (80.0) −1.23 0.221
Playing computer or video games 50.5 (69.4) 66.3 (79.7) 36.3 (55.2) 2.80 .006 39.0 (60.7) 64.9 (76.8) −2.78 0.006
Internet/emailing/electronic media for leisure 38.7 (61.9) 30.2 (53.4) 46.4 (68.0) −2.14 .033 17.5 (38.8) 64.9 (74.2) −6.62 < 0.001
Doing school-related video calls 39.0 (62.1) 44.4 (65.5) 34.0 (58.7) 1.45 .150 29.3 (49.6) 51.0 (73.4) −1.89 0.061
Doing video calls w/friends or family 24.5 (37.9) 16.5 (25.3) 31.7 (45.4) −2.76 .006 20.6 (29.0) 29.3 (46.5) −0.71 0.481
Doing school-related work 55.1 (69.0) 60.2 (70.4) 50.6 (67.8) 1.43 .153 46.2 (60.7) 66.4 (77.1) −1.89 0.061
Listening to music 17.2 (40.9) 10.1 (22.5) 23.7 (51.5) −2.15 .033 7.4 (17.6) 29.5 (56.0) −3.70 < 0.001
Talking on the phone/texting 13.6 (36.6) 7.8 (24.8) 18.9 (44.1) −2.66 .008 3.4 (10.3) 26.4 (51.0) −5.01 < 0.001
Hanging out with friends/family in person 62.2 (60.7) 52.0 (56.0) 71.1 (63.6) −2.22 .028 64.8 (67.9) 58.8 (50.4) −0.22 0.823
Reading a book/magazine NOT for school 41.3 (44.1) 34.7 (32.0) 47.2 (52.1) 1.33 .186 41.9 (40.9) 40.6 (47.9) 0.79 0.430
Doing inactive hobbies 40.4 (46.6) 26.0 (29.7) 53.3 (54.5) −4.43 <.001 42.8 (42.6) 37.3 (50.9) 1.77 0.079
Riding or driving in a car 9.0 (24.2) 8.7 (24.4) 9.2 (24.2) −0.32 .831 9.4 (25.5) 8.5 (22.7) 0.04 0.969
  1. n = 207. Means and standard deviations are presented for raw data. T-tests were conducted on square-root transformed data