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Table 2 The association between the perception of health beliefs & barriers, socio demographic variables and sexual experience of the participants

From: Health beliefs and barriers related to HIV prevention and screening among students of the University of Vlora: a cross-sectional study

Variables The perception of health beliefs & barriers
Socio demographic Total n = 710 Correct perception n = 540 (%) OR 95% CI P-value AOR 95% CI P-value
Age group, year      0.636    
18–20 389 288 (74.04%) Ref      
21–24 292 229 (78.42%) 1.25 0.87–1.79     
25–28 18 13 (72.22%) 0.57 0.20–1.61     
28+ 11 10 (90.91%) 1.54 0.33–7.23     
Gender      0.711    
Male 309 230 (74.43%) Ref      
Female 401 310 (77.31%) 1.16 0.83–1.65     
Residence      0.088    
Urban 469 363 (77.40%) Ref      
Rural 241 177 (73.44%) 0.94 0.66–1.36     
Economic status      0.344    
High 43 34 (79.07%) Ref      
Middle 625 469 (75.04%) 1.46 0.74–2.86     
Low 42 37 (88.10%) 0.90 0.36–2.23     
Civil status      0.846    
Single 589 447 (75.89%) Ref      
Coexistent 63 47 (74.60%) 3.30 1.06–5.95     
Divorced 6 4 (66.67%) 2.28 1.06–4.91     
Married 52 42 (80.77%) 0.81 0.44–1.49     
Field of study      0.015    0.000
Non health sciences 424 308 (72.64%) Ref    Ref   
Health sciences 286 232 (81.11%) 1.61 1.12–2.32   1.67 1.15–2.41  
Academic year      0.016    0.002
1st year 232 158 (68.10%) Ref    Ref   
2nd year 249 203 (81.53%) 1.80 1.18–2.73   1.88 1.23–2.87  
3rd year 229 179 (78.17%) 1.53 1.01–2.32   1.52 1.00–2.31  
Have you had sexual intercourse?      0.151    
No 228 173 (75.88%) Ref      
Yes 482 367 (76.14%) 1.39 0.97–1.99