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Table 4 Mean ranks in dietary habits between light-, moderate-, and heavy- users of screens by total screen time per day and individual screen-based device

From: From TVs to tablets: the relation between device-specific screen time and health-related behaviors and characteristics

  Total screen time per day Television Television-connected device Laptop Smartphone Tablet
Mean Rank N Mean Rank N Mean Rank N Mean Rank N Mean Rank N Mean Rank N
Dietary patterns
 Light users 415.16 296 423.84 222 443.80 288 465.38 292 408.64 308 456.83 774
 Moderate users 463.37 311 447.62 372 464.38 232 465.91 274 481.38 252
 Heavy users 508.48* 319 501.46ˆ 327 476.97 406 460.14 360 497.36ˆ 366 497.47 152
Frequency of family meals without any screens on
 Light users 501.56 296 472.22 222 472.30 288 478.75 292 484.98 308 456.99 774
 Moderate users 445.46 311 475.55 372 488.11 232 474.92 274 453.85 252
 Heavy users 445.77* 319 436.83 327 443.19 406 442.44 360 452.07 366 496.66 152
Frequency of family meals while watching television
 Light users 442.04 296 410.49 222 466.03 288 461.31 292 447.27 308 463.87 774
 Moderate users 446.49 311 420.70 372 426.17 232 468.52 274 454.10 252
 Heavy users 500.00ˆ 319 541.14ˆ 327 483.04** 406 461.45 360 483.63 366 461.60 152
Frequency of fast food consumption
 Light users 435.51 296 430.11 222 404.77 288 472.35 292 420.16 308 453.65 774
 Moderate users 454.33 311 455.55 372 496.05 232 457.30 274 479.52 252
 Heavy users 498.41* 319 488.17* 327 486.56* 406 461.05 360 488.94 ˆ 366 513.67* 152
  1. Note. *Heavy users statistically different than light users at α < 0.05; **Heavy users statistically different than moderate users at α < 0.05; ˆHeavy users statistically different than moderate and light users at α < 0.05; Moderate users statistically different than light users at α < 0.05