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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression with multimorbidity characteristics, comparing veterans treated in community psychiatry care with those in mental health

From: Social determinants of mental health care systems: intensive community based Care in the Veterans Health Administration

  Vocational Homeless Criminal Justice SMI Services
  OR Standardized Regression coefficient OR Standardized Regression coefficient OR Standardized Regression coefficient OR Standardized Regression coefficient
Demographics
 Age 0.977 −0.191** 0.993 −0.0574** 0.991 −0.075** 1.002 0.015**
 Income 1.000 −0.200** 1.000 −0.413** 1.000 −0.040** 1.000 −0.062**
 Black race 2.040 0.156** 2.570 0.206** 1.422 0.077** 1.799 0.128**
 Small rural area residence 0.638 −0.068** 0.509 −0.102** 0.836 −0.027** 0.513 −0.100**
 Isolated rural area residence 0.635 −0.059** 0.478 −0.097** 0.896 −0.015** 0.406 −0.118**
 Pension 1.142 0.014* 1.614 0.050** 1.018 0.002** 2.480 0.095**
 Service connected 50% or more 0.466 −0.202** 0.394 −0.246** 0.493 −0.187** 1.279 0.065**
Diagnoses
 Connective tissue disease 0.822 −0.011 0.772 −0.014** 1.018 0.001** 0.643 −0.024**
 Hepatic disease 1.207 0.021** 1.255 0.025** 1.014 0.002** 1.070 0.0070
 Human immunodeficiency virus 1.480 0.018** 1.268 0.011** 1.011 0.001** 1.075 0.0030
 Dementia 0.233 −0.094** 0.304 −0.077** 0.868 −0.009** 0.709 −0.022**
Multi-morbidity
 Number of psychiatric diagnoses 1.004 0.003 0.840 −0.115** 0.714 −0.222** 1.482 0.260**
 Number of substance use disorder diagnoses 1.666 0.217** 1.953 0.285** 2.025 0.300** 1.663 0.217**
Service Use
 General psychiatry visits excluding community-based programs 1.019 0.130** 1.015 0.106** 1.009 0.062** 1.018 0.126**
 Substance abuse clinic visits 1.018 0.132** 1.016 0.118** 1.019 0.141** 1.013 0.097**
 Medical surgical clinic visits 1.012 0.076** 1.006 0.036** 1.008 0.048** 1.007 0.047**
 Emergency room visits 1.065 0.070** 1.105 0.111** 1.107 0.113** 1.073 0.078**
 Any mental health inpatient treatment 1.446 0.043** 2.138 0.089** 2.516 0.108** 3.267 0.139**
 Any medical surgical inpatient treatment 0.850 −0.026** 1.081 0.013** 1.270 0.038** 0.899 −0.017**
 All psychotropic medications 1.001 0.017* 1.000 −0.004 0.998 −0.033** 1.007 0.100**
  1. *p < .01, **p < .0001