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Table 1 Estimated incidence/prevalence of child abuse in Japan

From: The burden of disease and the cost of illness attributable to child maltreatment in Japan: long-term health consequences largely matter

Estimates a Prevalence Incidence b
Male Female Male Female
Physical abuse (%) 8.40 6.69 1.50 1.19
Sexual abuse (%) 0.33 7.38 0.11 2.54
Psychological abuse
 WDV c (%) 9.94 16.75 2.16 3.64
 Other d (%) 5.64 5.95 1.23 1.29
Neglect (%) 8.89 9.01 1.93 1.96
  1. a sample sized weighted mean value
  2. b Incidence rate = Prevalence / Average duration
  3. c WDV: witnessing domestic violence
  4. d not specified as WDV, often expressed as emotional/psychological abuse