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Table 2 Mental health and HIV measures at baseline and 6-month follow-up, for participants with data at both time points (N = 93)a

From: A group-based mental health intervention for young people living with HIV in Tanzania: results of a pilot individually randomized group treatment trial

  Standard of care (N = 38) SYV Intervention (N = 55)
Baseline 6-month Change Baseline 6-month Change
PHQ-9f Total score 6.3 (4.1) 5.1 (3.9) − 0.9 (3.7) 4.9 (3.3) 4.1 (3.4) − 0.8 (4.0)
≥ 10b 10 (27.0%) 4 (11.1%)   4 (7.3%) 5 (9.1%)  
SDQf Total score 7.1 (3.6) 7.3 (4.4) 0.1 (3.9) 7.3 (4.0) 6.7 (4.4) − 0.6 (3.9)
≥ 17b 0 (0.0%) 2 (5.6%)   0 (0.0%) 2 (3.6%)  
UCLA Traumaf Total score 9.3 (6.9) 8.9 (6.3) −0.3 (5.9) 8.6 (7.4) 8.6 (7.5) 0.0 (7.3)
≥ 18b 5 (13.5%) 4 (10.8%)   9 (16.4%) 8 (14.5%)  
Stigmaf
Mean (SD)
Total Score 23.5 (3.7) 21.5 (5.1) −2.3 (4.7) 21.9 (5.1) 22.7 (5.3) 0.6 (4.2)
Internal Score 8.1 (1.8) 7.1 (2.0) −1.1 (1.7) 7.7 (1.9) 7.5 (2.1) −0.2 (2.5)
External Score 15.5 (3.7) 14.3 (4.2) −1.2 (3.9) 14.4 (4.3) 15.1 (4.5) 0.7 (3.3)
Adherencef Self-report Scored 57.7 (15.2) 57.7 (14.9) −0.1 (12.4) 60.5 (11.6) 65.5 (12.3) 5.1 (17.0)f
ART concen-tration in Hair (ng/mg) NVP (N = 13) 44.2 (15.4) 49.7 (20.8) 5.4 (16.1) 47.1 (19.2) 45.9 (20.0) 2.4 (32.2) f
EFV (N = 29) 9.3 (7.3) 10.0 (8.2) −1.1 (4.1) 6.0 (5.4) 5.7 (3.3) −0.3 (4.8)
LPV (N = 15) 6.1 (5.9) 11.0 (11.7) 4.9 (9.2) 6.3 (6.6) 6.9 (5.9) 0.6 (6.5) f
ATV (N = 20) 4.7 (4.0) 4.4 (3.2) −0.4 (2.3) 5.8 (3.8) 6.1 (3.1) 0.4 (1.7) f
  Standardized (N = 77)e −0.4 (2.0) −0.5 (2.0) − 0.1 (1.5) −0.7 (2.3) − 0.6 (1.7) 0.1 (2.1) f
Viral Load
Copies/mL
Total Score Log10 5.1 (2.8) 5.3 (3.3) 0.2 (1.8) 5.4 (3.3) 4.7 (2.6) −0.7 (2.5)
Virologic Suppressionb (<400 copies/mL) 25 (65.8%) 25 (65.8%)   35 (64.8%) 41 (74.5%)  
  1. aMeans (standard deviations) are reported unless otherwise noted; negative value favors the intervention except for adherence where a positive value signifies improved adherence
  2. bReported as count (percentage)
  3. dPer (REF) has been scaled to a score of 0–10031
  4. eART concentration in hair available in 77/93; the lower limit of detection for EFV, LPV, ATV is 0.05 ng/mg and for NVP is 0.5 ng/mg
  5. fMissing single item questionnaire response: Baseline, one participant for PHQ-9; 4 participants for SDQ; 1 participant for UCLA Trauma; 4 participants for stigma total score. At 6 months: 2 participants for PHQ-9; 1 participant for SDQ; 0 participants for UCLA Trauma; 1 participant for stigma total score. There is no item missingness at either time point for self-reported adherence