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Table 2 Rate ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) for models predicting suicide mortality by commuting zone in 1999–2001 and 2015–2017 for the non-Hispanic white male population, ages 20–64

From: Ecological factors associated with suicide mortality among non-Hispanic whites

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Intercept 0.00 (0.00–0.00)*** 0.00 (0.00–0.00)*** 0.00 (0.00–0.00)*** 0.00 (0.00–0.00)***
Age 25–29 1.07 (1.03–1.12)*** 1.07 (1.03–1.12)*** 1.07 (1.03–1.11)*** 1.07 (1.03–1.11)***
Age 30–34 1.11 (1.07–1.15)*** 1.11 (1.07–1.15)*** 1.10 (1.06–1.14)*** 1.10 (1.06–1.14)***
Age 35–39 1.17 (1.13–1.22)*** 1.17 (1.13–1.21)*** 1.16 (1.12–1.20)*** 1.16 (1.12–1.20)***
Age 40–44 1.19 (1.15–1.24)*** 1.19 (1.15–1.24)*** 1.19 (1.14–1.23)*** 1.19 (1.15–1.23)***
Age 45–49 1.19 (1.15–1.24)*** 1.19 (1.14–1.24)*** 1.19 (1.15–1.23)*** 1.19 (1.15–1.23)***
Age 50–54 1.15 (1.10–1.19)*** 1.14 (1.10–1.19)*** 1.14 (1.10–1.18)*** 1.15 (1.11–1.19)***
Age 55–59 1.11 (1.06–1.15)*** 1.10 (1.06–1.15)*** 1.11 (1.07–1.15)*** 1.11 (1.07–1.15)***
Age 60–64 0.96 (0.92–1.00)* 0.95 (0.92–0.99)* 0.96 (0.93–1.00)* 0.97 (0.93–1.00)
2017 1.46 (1.43–1.49)*** 1.48 (1.45–1.51)*** 1.58 (1.54–1.61)*** 1.56 (1.52–1.60)***
Unemployment   1.06 (1.04–1.07)*** 0.97 (0.96–0.99)*** 0.97 (0.96–0.99)***
Manufacturing   0.98 (0.97–0.99)*** 0.93 (0.92–0.94)*** 0.93 (0.92–0.95)***
College    0.88 (0.87–0.89)*** 0.93 (0.92–0.95)***
Marriage    1.05 (1.03–1.06)*** 1.02 (1.01–1.04)*
Religion    0.96 (0.95–0.97)*** 0.97 (0.96–0.98)***
Gun sellers     1.08 (1.06–1.10)***
Prescribing     1.10 (1.09–1.12)***
Over-dispersion *** *** *** ***
AIC 51,505 51,412 50,786 50,447
R2 0.4 0.37 0.81 0.87
N 12,240 12,240 12,240 12,240
  1. Unemployment Percent of labor force unemployed, Manufacturing Percent of employment in manufacturing, College Percent of NHW population 25+ with a college degree, Marriage Percent of NHW population ages 15+ married, Religion Percent of total population belonging to any religious denomination, Gun sellers Ratio of total licensed firearm sellers to total population, Prescribing Ratio of total annual opioid prescriptions to total population
  2. * p < 0.05; *** p < 0.001