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Table 8 Trends in modes of transmission by sex and age in the survey

From: Improved ascertainment of modes of HIV transmission in Ukraine indicates importance of drug injecting and homosexual risk

  2013 2014 2015 2013 2014 2015 p-value for trend
N N N MoT % MoT % MoT %
Males   409 369 468     0.024
HET 94 82 111 23.0% 22.2% 23.7% 0.784
IDU 296 263 314 72.4% 71.3% 67.1% 0.085
MSM 19 24 43 4.6% 6.5% 9.2% 0.008
OTH 0 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%  
Females   357 312 363     0.264
HET 168 173 197 47.1% 55.4% 54.3% 0.054
IDU 188 136 164 52.7% 43.6% 45.2% 0.045
MSM 0 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%  
OTH 1 3 2 0.3% 1.0% 0.6% 0.636
<=24   51 45 56     0.033
HET 39 38 37 76.5% 84.4% 66.1% 0.923
IDU 10 4 6 19.6% 8.9% 10.7% 0.025
MSM 2 3 13 3.9% 6.7% 23.2% 0.002
OTH 0 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%  
25–44   583 523 594     0.154
HET 272 254 286 46.7% 48.6% 48.1% 0.200
IDU 296 251 277 50.8% 48.0% 46.6% 0.059
MSM 14 18 31 2.4% 3.4% 5.2% 0.058
OTH 1 0 0 .2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.225
> = 45   129 108 171     0.497
HET 75 52 89 58.1% 48.1% 52.0% 0.968
IDU 50 49 72 38.8% 45.4% 42.1% 0.931
MSM 4 4 7 3.1% 3.7% 4.1% 0.898
OTH 0 3 3 0.0% 2.8% 1.8% 0.440
Total   766 681 831     0.020
HET 262 255 308 34.2% 37.4% 37.1% 0.242
IDU 484 399 478 63.2% 58.6% 57.5% 0.022
MSM 19 24 43 2.5% 3.5% 5.2% 0.005
OTH 1 3 2 0.1% 0.4% 0.2% 0.686
  1. Modes of transmission: HET heterosexual, IDU injecting drug use, MSM homosexual, OTH other