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Table 2 Characteristics of the MSM population and their association with PrEP acceptability, Benin

From: Acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention: facilitators, barriers and impact on sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in Benin

Characteristics   PrEP Acceptability
N = 400 Yes (5)
N = 143
No (4 + 3 + 2 + 1)
N = 257
ORa 95%CI p-value
  n (%) n (%)
Socio-demographic characteristics
Age as a continuous variable (mean (standard deviation) 26.20 (5.0) 26. 06(4.8) 26. 28(5.1) 1.01 0.911–1.13 0.75
Age categories
   < 20 21(5.3) 5(3.5) 16(6.2) 1   
  20–24 141(35.3) 55(38.5) 86(33.5) 3.32 1.12–9.80 0.02
  25–29 140(35) 51(35.7) 89(34.7) 2.73 0.65–11.42 0.16
  30–34 67(16.7) 24(16.7) 43(16.7) 3.93 0.57–26.87 0.16
   ≥ 35 31(7.7) 8(5.6) 23(8.9) 1.40 0.14–13.57 0.76
Marital Status
  Married 29(7.2) 12(8.4) 17(6.6) 1   
  Single 342(85.5) 114(79.7) 228(88.7) 1.66 0.45–6.15 0.44
  Divorced or widowed 9(2.3) 7(4.90) 2(0.8) 17.38 2.01–149.91 0.009
  De facto union 20(5) 10(6.9) 10(3.9) 1.83 0.29–11.29 0.51
Level of Education
  None 4(1.0) 1(0.7) 3(1.2) 1   
  Primary 34(8.6) 13(9.1) 21(8.2) 1.22 0.28–5.29 0.78
  Secondary 213(53.2) 88(61.5) 125(48.6) 1.70 0.40–7.11 0.46
  Advanced 149(37.2) 41(28.7) 108(42.0) 0.75 0.16–3.47 0.72
Work situation
  Pupils/Students 155(38.7) 56(39.2) 99(38.5) 1   
  Salaried employees 80(20.0) 24(16.7) 56(21.8) 0.59 0.25–1.39 0.23
  Craftsmen/Salesmen 104(26) 26(18.2) 78(30.4) 0.83 0.32–2.15 0.70
  Unemployed 27(6.7) 12(8.4) 15(5.8) 1.59 0.21–11.69 0.64
  Others 34(8.6) 25(17.5) 9(3.5) 2.97 0.76–11.58 0.11
Religion
  Traditional 32(8.0) 15(10.5) 17(6.6) 1   
  Christianity 231(57.8) 91(63.6) 140(54.5) 0.65 0.31–1.35 0.25
  Islamism 118(29.5) 32(22.4) 86(33.5) 0.48 0.10–2.30 0.36
  No religion 17(4.2) 4(2.8) 13(5.1) 0.55 0.12–2.52 0.44
  Others 2(0.5) 1(0.7) 1(0.3) 5.97 0.33–105.48 0.22
Site of data collection
  Cotonou 239 (59.7) 88(61.5) 151(58.75) 1.45 0.25–8.26 0.67
  Outside Cotonou 161 (40.3) 55(38.5) 106(41.25) 1   
Knowledge about PrEP
  Yes 203(50.75) 80(55.9) 123(47.9) 0.66 0.16–2.73 0.57
  No 197(49.25) 63(44.1) 134(52.1) 1   
Preferred PrEP usage mode
  On-demand 123(30.7) 51(35.7) 72(28.0) 1.48 0.83–2.63 0.17
  Daily 277(69.3) 92(64.3) 185(71.9) 1   
HIV-related characteristics and risks
Sexual orientation
  Homosexual 256(64) 60(41.9) 196(76.3) 1   
  Bisexual 144(36) 83(58.1) 61(23.7) 2.85 1.74–4.64 <.0001
Sexual Roles
  Active or insertive 159(39.8) 56(39.2) 103(40.1) 1   
  Passive or receptive 159(39.7) 48(33.6) 111(43.2) 0.64 0.37–1.13 0.12
  Both 82(20.5) 39(27.2) 43(16.7) 1.80 0.76–4.27 0.17
HIV testing during the last 12 months
 No 8(2.0) 6(4.2) 2(0.8) 1   
 Yes 392(98.0) 137(95.8) 255(99.2) 0.42 0.13–1.34 0.14
Personal HIV-related risk assessment
 Low (3 + 2 + 1) 373(93.3) 125(87.4) 248(96.5) 1   
 High (5 + 4) 27(6.7) 18(12.6) 9(3.5) 2.54 0.61–10.51 0.19
Average number of men with whom sex has occurred during the last 6 months 4.15 (3.1) 3.91 (3.9) 4.26 (2.6) 0.93 0.85–1.03 0.17
Sex with regular male partners during the last 6 months
 No 67(16.7) 19(13.3) 48(18.7) 1   
 Yes 333(83.2) 124(86.7) 209(81.3) 1.19 0.36–3.85 0.76
Average number of insertive intercourses during the last 6 months 9.59 (12.4) 8.95 (11.6) 9.96 (12.8) 1.01 0.95–1.07 0.70
Average number of receptive intercourses during the last 6 months 10.59 (11.2) 8.12 (9.6) 12.19 (11.8) 0.99 0.93–1.05 0.92
Number of unprotected insertive intercourses during the last 6 months 2.33 (4.2) 2.79 (5.1) 2.06 (3.4) 1.06 0.95–1.18 0.27
Number of unprotected receptive intercourses during the last 6 months 2.69 (4.6) 2.84 (5.5) 2.59 (3.9) 1.05 0.98–1.12 0.12
Condom use during the last sex activity with a man
 No 93(23.3) 48(33.6) 45(17.5) 1   
 Yes 307(76.7) 95(66.4) 212(82.5) 0.46 0.14–1.46 0.18
Number of anal intercourses during the last 6 months 12.28 (11.8) 14.37 (11.1) 11.12 (12.0) 1.07 0.95–1.21 0.23
Sex after consumption of drug or alcohol during the last 6 months
 No 200(50.0) 74(51.7) 126(49.1) 1   
 Yes 200(50.0) 69(48.3) 131(50.9) 1.22 0.45–3.30 0.68
Sex in exchange for money or gifts during the last 6 months
 No 302(75.5) 105(73.4) 197(76.6) 1   
 Yes 98(24.5) 38(26.6) 60(23.4) 1.60 0.55–4.62 0.38
Average number of women with whom sex occurred during the last 6 months 0.74 (1.6) 1.02 (1.4) 0.58(1.7) 1.23 0.92–1.65 0.15
Condom use during the last sexual intercourse with a woman (n = 225)
 No 132(58.7) 57(57.6) 75(59.5) 1   
 Yes 93(41.3) 42(42.4) 51(40.5) 1.12 0.53–2.34 0.76
Sexual behaviors under PrEP
Condom frequency use under PrEP with an effectiveness of 90%
  Decreased (1 + 2 + 3) 351(87.7) 142(99.3) 209(81.3) 93.57 7.15–999 0.0006
  Increased (4 + 5) 49(12.3) 1 48(18,7) 1   
Frequency use of condom under PrEP with a 70% effectiveness
  Decreased (1 + 2 + 3) 84(21.0) 126(88.1) 190(73.9) 5,04 1.20–21.05 0.02
 Increased (4 + 5) 316(79.0) 17(11.9) 67(26.1) 1 0.04–0.82  
Number of sexual male partners under PrEP with a 90% effectiveness
  Decreased (1 + 2 + 3) 124(31.0) 40(27.9) 84(32.7) 1   
  Increased (4 + 5) 276(69.0) 103(72.1) 173(67.3) 0.95 0.45–2 0.89
Number of anal intercourses under PrEP with a 90% effectiveness
  Decreased (1 + 2 + 3) 103(25.7) 26(18.2) 77(29.9) 1   
  Increased (4 + 5) 297(74.3) 117(81.8) 180(70.1) 1.32 0.49–3.58 0.57
  1. aweighted odds ratios (probability weights generated by RDS Analyst)