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Table 1 Characteristics of the MSM population and their associations with knowledge of PrEP, Benin

From: Acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention: facilitators, barriers and impact on sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in Benin

Characteristics Knowledge about PrEP OR (95% CI)a p-value AOR (95%CI)b p-value
Yes
N = 203
No
N = 197
n (%) n (%)
Socio-demographic characteristics
Age as a continuous variable, mean (standard deviation) 26.04 (5) 26.36 (5) 1.06 (0.96–1.17) 0.24   
Age categories
   < 20 11 (5.4) 10 (5.1) 1   1  
  20–24 75 (36.9) 66 (33.5) 1.01 (0.42–2.42) 0.96 1.53 (0.88–2.65) 0.12
  25–29 72 (35.5) 68 (34.5) 1.47 (0.42–5.52) 0.53 1.99 (0.83–4.77) 0.11
  30–34 28 (13.8) 39 (19.8) 1.36 (0.19–9.50) 0.75 1.95 (0.35–10.37) 0.45
   ≥ 35 17 (8.4) 14 (7.1) 3.74 (0.62–22.63) 0.14 3.53 (0.89–13.99) 0.07
Marital Status
  Single 170 (83.8) 172 (87.3) 1   1  
  Divorced or widowed 4 (2.0) 5 (2.5) 2.29 (0.50–10.33) 0.27 0.63 (0.19–2.02) 0.43
  De facto union 7 (3.4) 13 (6.6) 0.41 (0.10–1.64) 0.20 0.47 (0.18–1.17) 0.10
  Married 22 (10.8) 7 (3.6) 5.50 (1.87–16.19) 0.002 3.91 (1.12–13.61) 0.03
Level of Education
  Primary or less 9 (4.4) 29 (14.7) 1   1  
  Secondary 81 (39.9) 132 (67.0) 3.06 (1.04–8.94) 0.04 2.99 (0.81–10.97) 0.09
  Advanced 113 (55.7) 36 (18.3) 11.32 (3.86–33.18) <.0001 9.17 (2.41–34.88) 0.001
Work situation
  Pupils/Students 103 (50.7) 52 (26.4) 1    
  Salaried employees 46 (22.7) 34 (17.3) 1.04 (0.32–3.31) 0.94   
  Craftsmen/Salesmen 26 (12.8) 78 (39.6) 0.46 (0.26–0.81) 0.007   
  Unemployed 12 (5.9) 15 (7.6) 1.48 (0.14–15.39) 0.73   
  Others 16 (7.9) 18 (9.1) 0.59 (0.13–2.62) 0.48   
Religion
  Traditional 15 (7.4) 17 (8.5) 1    
  Christianity 123 (60.5) 108 (54.8) 0.93 (0.22–3.89) 0.92   
  Islamism 59 (29.1) 59 (29.9) 1.06 (0.20–5.50) 0.94   
  No religion 5 (2.5) 12 (6.1) 1.07 (0.34–3.33) 0.89   
  Others 1 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 10.84 (0.87–134) 0.06   
Site of data collection
  Cotonou 90 (44.3) 71 (36.0) 1.30 (0.32–5.26) 0.71   
  Outside Cotonou 113 (55.7) 126 (64.0) 1    
HIV-related characteristics and risks
Sexual orientation
  Homosexual 128 (63.1) 128 (65.0) 1    
  Bisexual 75 (36.9) 69 (35.0) 0.69 (0.27–1.720 0.42   
Sexual Roles
  Active or insertive 74 (36.4) 85 (43.1) 1    
  Passive or receptive 86 (42.4) 73 (37.1) 1.54 (0.84–2.82) 0.15   
  Both 43 (21.2) 39 (19.8) 0.90 (0.45–1.82) 0.78   
Personal HIV-related risk assessment
 Low (3 + 2 + 1) 189 (93.1) 184 (93.4) 1    
  High (5 + 4) 14 (6.9) 13 (6.6) 0.92 (0.13–6.21) 0.93   
Average number of men with whom sex has occurred during the last 6 months 4.33 (3.38) 3.95 (2.93) 1.08 (0.93–1.25) 0.26   
Sex with regular male partners during the last 6 months
 No 22 (10.8) 45 (22.8) 1    
 Yes 181 (89.2) 152 (77.2) 1.56 (0.73–3.29) 0.24   
Average number of insertive intercourses during the last 6 months 7.93 (11.23) 11.4 (13.36) 0.96 (0.90–1.01) 0.17   
Average number of receptive intercourses during the last 6 months 9.87 (10.49) 11.46 (11.91) 0.99 (0.94–1.05) 0.97   
Number of unprotected insertive intercourses during the last 6 months 1.78 (3.68) 2.94 (4.58) 0.88 (0.78–0.99) 0.04   
Number of unprotected receptive intercourses during the last 6 months 2.19 (3.89) 3.29 (5.33) 0.93 (0.85–1.01) 0.10   
Condom use during the last sex activity with a man
 No 35 (17.2) 58 (29.4) 1    
 Yes 168 (82.8) 139 (70.6) 4.30 (1.71–10.79) 0.001   
Number of anal intercourses during the last 6 months 10.89 (10.47) 13.73 (12.99) 0.97 (0.92–1.01) 0.24   
Sex after consumption of drug or alcohol during the last 6 months
 No 115 (56.6) 85 (43.2) 1   1  
 Yes 88 (43.4) 112 (56.8) 0.44 (0.27–0.74) 0.002 0.36 (0.22–0.60) < 0.0001
Sex in exchange for money or gifts during the last 6 months
 No 161 (79.3) 141 (71.6) 1    
  Yes 42 (20.7) 56 (28.4) 0.62 (0.11–3.49) 0.59   
Average number of women with whom sex occurred during the last 6 months 0.79 (1.52) 0.69 (1.71) 0.97 (0.84–1.13) 0.77   
Condom use during the last sexual intercourse with a woman (n = 225)
 No 55 (51.9) 77 (64.7) 1   1  
 Yes 51 (48.1) 42 (35.3) 1.62 (0.95–2.77) 0.07 0.44 (0.28–0.68) 0.0003
  1. aWeighted odds ratio (probability weights generated by RDS Analyst)
  2. bWeighted adjusted odds ratio (probability weights generated by RDS Analyst)
  3. p = 0.30, test for linear trend of the association between age and PrEP knowledge; this variable was kept in the model because it was confounding of the other associations